Ancient Herbalists Legend:The Warring States Period(475-221 B.C.) and Qin Chao(221 to 207 BC)Back.
Warring States Period(475-221 B.C.) and Qin Chao(221 to 207 BC)
Many Herbal Classicis before Qin Chao(221 to 207 BC) lost,some of them are still available,such like Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing,Huang Di Nei Jing,Nan Jing etc.Han Shu Yi Wen Zhi noted ever existed Seven Herb Classics before Qin Dynasty,those are HuangDi Nei Jing,HuangDi Wai Jing,BianQue NeiJing,BianQue WaiJing,BaiShi NeiJing,BaiShi WaiJing,Pang Pian.Unfortunately only HuangDi Nei Jing survived,other 6 classics seems lost in ancient times.Famous herbalist of this period:Qi Bo(major works:Huangdi Nei Jing),Lei Gong,Yi He,Bian Que(major works:Bian Que Nei Jing,Bian Que Wai Jing).
神农,炎帝,whose name literally means "Divine Farmer" and who is also known as the Emperor of the Five Grains (五穀先帝,五谷先帝,Wǔgǔxiāndì), was a legendary ruler of China and culture hero. Shennong is considered to have been one of the Three Sovereigns (also known as "Three Emperors") who lived some 5,000 years ago. Shennong has been thought to have taught the ancient Chinese not only their practices of agriculture, but also the use of herbal drugs.Historian Sima Qian mentions that the rulers directly preceding the Yellow Emperor were of the house (or societal group) of Shennong.Sima Zhen, who added a prologue for the Shiji, said his surname was Jiang (姜), and proceeded to list his successors. An older and more famous reference is in the Huainanzi; it tells how, prior to Shennong, people were sickly, wanting, starved and diseased; but he then taught them agriculture, which he himself had researched, eating hundreds of plants,and even consuming seventy poisons in one day.
岐伯,famous physician in the reign of Huangdi(2698~2589B.C.).he was asked by the emperor to taste various kinds of herbs and to study medicine and pharmacy.The first and greatest medical work produced in China,the Huangdi Nei Jing,or Huangdi's Internal Classic,or Canon of Medicine-mainly consists of questions and answers between Huangdi and Qi Bo on medical issues.
雷公1.a famous physician in the reign of Huangdi,Discussions between Huangdi and Lei Gong on medicine and pharmacy,acupuncture and moxibustion are recorded in the Canon of Medicine; 2.the style name of Lei Xiao,a pharmacist in the period of the Northern and Southern Dynasties who wrote the Lei Gong Pao Zhi Lun,or Lei's Method of Preparing Drugs(c5th century).
医和,famous physician in the Spring and Autumn Period(c600B.C.),who put forward the theory that abnormality in the six climatic conditions,namely,cloudy,sunny,windy,rainy, gloomy,and bright,would lead to various illnesses.
扁鹊,another name of Qin Yueren(c500B.C.),the earliest Chinese physician versed in diagnosis and treatment,especially in pulse taking and acupuncture.To him was ascribed the authorship of such medical works as Bian Que Nei Jing,or The Internal Classic of Bian Que, and Bian Que Wai Jing,or The External Classic of Bian Que,both of which have been lost.
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