TCM Classics:Min Guo/Republic of China(1911-1949 AD-?).Back.
Min Guo/Republic of China(1911-1949 AD-?).
Famous herbal classics of this period:Yi Xue Zhong Zhong Can Xi Lu,Zhong Guo Yi Xue Da Ci Dian,Zhong Guo Yao Xue Da Ci Dian,Zhen Ben Yi Shu Ji Cheng,etc.
The Republic of China was formally established on 1 January 1912 on mainland China following the Xinhai Revolution which itself began with the Wuchang Uprising on 10 October 1911, and replaced the tsing and ended over two thousand years of imperial rule in China,In the 1890’s Sun Yat-sen formed a secret, anti-tsing society and by 1895 there was a price for his head in China forcing him to have to leave the country. His dream was to see China become a Republic and to make this happen he formed the Revolutionary League in the year 1905.
In 1903~1905 Sun Yat-sen announced that his organizations goal was "驱除鞑虏，恢复中华，创立民国，平均地权！To expel the Tatar barbarians, to revive Zhonghua, to establish a Republic, and to distribute land equally among the people."Sun Yat-sen declared,“To restore our national independence, we must first restore the Chinese nation.To restore the Chinese nation,we must drive the barbarian manchus back to the Changbai Mountains.To get rid of the barbarians,we must first overthrow the present tyrannical, dictatorial, ugly, and corrupt tsing government.Fellow countrymen,a revolution is the only means to overthrow the tsing government!"It pushed forward new advancement in culture and in TCM.
As a great leader and forerunner of China Revelotion,a very handsome Gentleman,a BRAVE Man with conscience,also a Taoist,Prof.Sun Yat Sen inherited the essence of Taoism tradition,introduced "Mr.Democracy" and "Mr.Science" to China,according to Prof.Hu Fuchen(1),the Three People's Principles(Nationalism,Democracy,the People's Livelihood,三民主义) and Constitution of Five Powers(五权宪法),correct the corruptive practice of western politics,and comform to China's real condition.The Outline(《建国大纲》) issued at April 12th,1924,also negated the patriarchical bureaucracy tradition,give a blue print of transformation from the subject society(臣民社会) to Civil society(公民社会) and Constitutional Government(宪政体制),the first time marking "中华共和国。自由，平等，博爱(China Republic.Freedom,Equality,Universal Fraternity)" on the city gate of China.
But ironically,theorists educated by modern discipline scientific system rise up to against traditional herbalism,such like their reprensentative Yu Yunyou(1879～1954) who got educated by modern science when he was young and only believe in sciencism,launched some famous act called Fei Zhi Zhong Yi An at year 1929,as an official of the MinGuo government,before that,he wrote some book named Ling Su Shang Dui at 1917,announced that "the origin of Ling Su(means Ling Shu,Su Wen of HuangDi Nei Jing),actually are witchery",he hold some famous saying that TCM is “a convenience store sells myths,ancient classical phylosophy,Chineseism,subjective materialism,and vulgar empiricism.”and he suggested again to abandon TCM system at year 1949 for the new government.
Yi Xue Zhong Zhong Can Xi Lu
Yi Xue Zhong Zhong Can Xi Lu,or Records of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine in Combination,by Zhang Xichun and published from 1918 to 1934.There were altogethor 30 volumes in seven issues.The revised edition consists of five parts,viz,prescriptions,medical substances,medical theories,notes and case records.The author attempted to integrate traditional Chinese medicine with Western medicine.
Zhong Guo Yao Xue Da Ci Dian
Zhong Guo Yao Xue Da Ci Dian,or A Dictionary of Chinese Pharmaceuticals,published in 1935,and including all kinds of medicinal substances recorded in the medical literature of previous generations.
Zhen Ben Yi Shu Ji Cheng
Zhen Ben Yi Shu Ji Cheng,or Collection of Precious Medical Works,a collection of medical works compiled by Qiu Qingyuan,and published in 1936.Of more than 3,000 books on medicine,the author chose 90,which were classified into 12 subjects,viz,medical classics,herbals,pulses,cold-induced diseases,internal medicine,external medicine,gynecology,pediatrics,general treatment,prescriptions,medical case records and miscellaneous.
Zhong Guo Yi Xue Da Cheng
Zhong Guo Yi Xue Da Cheng,or A Great Collection of Chinese Medical Works(1936),compiled by Cao Bingzhang on the basis of 128 important medical works.The collection covers 13 subjects,including medical classics,medical substances,diagnoses,prescriptions,general treatment,various clinical subjects,medical case records and miscellaneous topics,with abstracts and notes attached to each book.
Ben Cao Zheng Yi
The book 《本草正义》(Ben Cao Zheng Yi) was a textbook compiled by Zhang Shou Yi at Lanxi TCM school.The book classified herbs into grass, wood, fruit, vegetables,gold, stone, birds, beasts, insects, fish,human and other categories. For every kind herb or drug, the first part listed the quoted original text from 《本经》Ben Jing and 《别录》Bie Lu,then comes part with title "正义Zheng Yi",which identify and explain the meaning of the original text.,followed with part with title "广义Guang Yi",listed classics quote about herb property and applications from other classics after Ben Jing and Bie Lu;then comes part with title "发明Faming,or Invention",which give explain and own view on the herb from herbalist Zhang himself.The last part comes with title "正讹Zheng Zha",which gives corrections about possible not proper explains from previous classics.The contents of the book, its unique, available for reference.
1: see 《道学通论》,written by 胡孚琛(Hu Fuchen),ISBN978-7-5097-0814-9.page 139;section title "全球化浪潮下的民族文化:四".
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