Galangal and Cyperus Formula:Liang Fu Wan and Treatment of cold-type pain.Galangal Notes From Ancient Herbal Classics

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Galangal and Cyperus Formula:Liang Fu Wan and Treatment of cold-type pain.

Lesser Galangal Root Alpinia officinarum Radix Galangae  This highly aromatic formula is comprised of equal amounts of galangal and cyperus; the former is first washed with wine, and the latter with vinegar, then both are dried by baking and ground to powder, then formed into pills with ginger juice or water. It is taken in the amount of 6 grams each time. This is a warming preparation used for cold-type pain. The formula is simply named for its two ingredients.

 Galangal (gaoliangjiang) is in the ginger family, a species of Alpinia, which has a large concentration of oils and resins that have some analgesic qualities as also found in ginger and cardamom. It is described as an herb for warming the interior. All of the herbs used for warming the interior, including aconite, dry ginger, cinnamon bark, evodia, zanthoxylum, long pepper, clove, and fennel, are considered analgesic. A cold syndrome usually involves pain; according to the text New Practical Syndrome Differentiation of TCM, exterior cold is usually manifest as severe general aching and headache, while internal cold is usually manifest as abdominal pain. Cyperus (xiangfu) is a highly aromatic qi regulating herb; according to Yang Yifan:

 Lesser Galangal Root Alpinia officinarum Radix GalangaeCyperus is so effective for regulating qi, it is regarded in TCM as the chief of all the herbs that regulate the qi....It is the most commonly used herb to promote the liver-qi movement. Since it is gentle and effective, it can be applied for treating both excess and deficiency syndromes that are associated with the liver qi stagnation....

 The aromatic components are volatile oils (mainly cyperone, cyperol, and cyperene) that have analgesic and anti-inflammatory qualities. This formula is mainly used for abdominal pain that responds favorably to warmth (a typical treatment is to apply a heating pad or hot water bottle to the painful area). Yan Wu suggests an extended prescription for acute and sudden abdominal pain that can be decreased by application of heat, namely combining two cyperus-based formulas, Liang Fu Wan and Zhengqi Tianxiang San (Lindera and Cyperus Formula); the latter includes lindera, dried ginger, perilla leaf, and citrus. Like Liang Fu Wan, Zhengqi Tianxiang San is also an interior warming combination that is very fragrant (tianxiang means heavenly fragrance).
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Notes From Ancient Herbal Classics and Herbalists:

高良姜:大温。主暴冷,胃中逆冷,霍乱腹痛。

《神农本草经》(Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing,or Ben Jing).

神农(Shen Nong).

高良姜:大温,无毒。主暴冷,胃中冷逆,霍乱腹痛。

《千金翼方》(Qian Jin Yi Fang).

孙思邈(Sun SiMiao).

高良姜:大温。主暴冷,胃中逆冷,霍乱腹痛。

陶隐居云:出高良郡。人腹痛不止,但嚼食亦效。形气与杜若相似,而叶如山姜。唐本注云:生岭南者,形大虚软。江左者细紧,味亦不甚辛。其实一也。今相与呼细者为杜若,大者为高良姜。此非也。今按:《陈藏器本草》云:高良姜,味辛,温。下气益声,好颜色。煮作饮服之,止痢及霍乱。又按:别本注云:二月、三月采根,曝干。味辛,苦,大热。无毒。臣禹锡等谨按《药性伦》云:高良姜,使。能治腹内久冷,胃气逆,呕吐。治风,破气,腹冷气痛,去风冷痹弱。疗下气逆冷冲心,腹痛吐泻。日华子云:治转筋泻痢,反胃呕食。解酒毒,消宿食。《图经》曰......

《证类本草》(Zheng Lei Ben Cao).

唐慎微(Tang Shenwei).

良姜:气热味辛,主胃中逆冷,霍乱腹痛,翻胃吐食,转筋泻利,下气消食。《主治秘要》云:纯阳,健脾胃。碎用。

《医学启源卷下》(Yi Xue Qi Yuan).

张元素(Zhang Yuansu).

良姜:气热,味辛,纯阳。本草云:治胃中冷逆,霍乱腹痛,反胃呕食,转筋泻痢,下气,消宿食。

《汤液本草卷中》Tang Ye Ben Cao.

王海藏(Wang Haogu).

良姜百一:子名红豆蔻。味辛热,纯阳,浮也。入足太阴,阳明。治胃中逆冷,呕吐清水,恶心霍乱,气寒腹痛,解酒毒,消宿食,健脾胃,宽噎膈,除反胃,破冷廦,解瘴疟,疗转筋泻痢。同草豆蔻煎饮,亦治口臭。子名红豆蔻,治用略同。

《景岳全书·卷四十七·芳草部》(Jing Yue Quan Shu).

张介宾(Zhang Jiebin).

高良姜:大温。主暴冷,胃中逆冷,霍乱腹痛。 疏:高良姜禀地二之气以生。《本经》:大温。藏器:辛温。元素:辛热。纯阳,浮也。入足阳明,太阴经。二经为客寒所犯,则逆冷,霍乱腹痛诸病生焉。辛温暖脾胃而逐寒邪,则胃中冷逆自除,霍乱腹痛自愈矣。甄权:治腹内久冷气痛,去风冷痹弱。《大明》:主转筋泻痢,反胃,解酒毒,消宿食。苏颂:治恶心呕清水。皆取其暖胃温中,散寒祛冷之功也。......主治参互:......

简误:高良姜辛温大热,惟治客寒犯胃,胃冷呕逆,及伤生冷饮食致成霍乱吐泻之要药。如胃火作呕,伤暑霍乱,火热注泻,心虚作痛,法咸忌之。

《本草经疏》(Ben Cao Jing Shu).

缪希雍(Miao Xiyong).

Cold pain in the epigastrium can be relieved immediately if lesser galangal is ground into fine powder and parched for a while and 5 g. of the powder is taken with rice water.

本草纲目(Ben Cao Gang Mu,or The Compendium of Materia Medica).

李时珍(Li Shizhen).

Sudden attacks of pathogenic cold, adverse rising of stomach-cold, cholera and abdominal pain.

Other Medical Records of Famous Physicians.


To treat cold pain in the epigastrium by warming the stomach, dispelling cold, promoting digestion and relieving alcoholism.

本草从新(New Compilation of Materia Medica).


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Reference:
  • 1.Lesser Galangal:the Root of Alpinia officinarum,a warm tonic and herb of PureYang,its botanical introduction,recorded uses from ancient herbalists and new applications.

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  • Name:Lesser Galangal Root Extract
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  • CAS:Galangin.548-83-4
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  • Other Names:Alpinia Officinarum Extract.Languas Officinarum,Rhizoma Galangae,Arabic Khalanjan Ginger,Chinese Ko-liang-kiang,Gargaut,Languas officinarum,Rhizoma Alpiniae Officinarum,Galanga de la Chine,Galanga vrai,Petit galanga,sa leung geung,sha geung fun,kunchor, zedoary,ingurupiayati,krachai,East India Catarrh Root,Rhizoma Galangae,Kaempferia Galanga,Siamese Ginger.

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