Constituents of Plantain?
- Basic Botanical Data of Plantain Seed.Semen plantaginis.
- Botanical Description of Common plantain.
- What is Plantain Seed?.
- Functions of Plantain Seed.Semen plantaginis.
- Indications and Combinations of Plantain Seed.Semen plantaginis.
- Constituents of Plantain?.
- Plantain:Pharmacology and Applications.
- Plantain:Psyllium seed,Psyllium husk,The Amazing Fiber!
- How search engine think about Plantain?
- Rearch Update:Plantain Seed.
Constituents of Plantain?:
Common plantain contains iridoids (such as aucubin, also found in Euphrasia species), flavonoids (including apigenin), tannins, plant acids, and mucilage.
Aucubin increases uric acid excretion by the kidneys; apigenin is anti-inflammatory.
Other Content:plantamajoside;plantainoside A;plantainoside B;plantainoside C;plantainoside D;plantainoside E;plantainoside F;
aceteoside;isoacteoside; desrhamnosyl acteoside; leucos-ceptoside; martynoside; isomartynoside;plantamajoside;calceorioside B;
3,4-dihydroxyyau-cubin; 6'-O-Beta-glucosyl-aucubin;apigenin; homoplantaginin; luteolol-7-O-Beta-D-glucoside;Beta-sitosterol;
Beta-sitosteryl palmi-tate; stigmasterol; stigmasteryl palmitate; n-hentriacontane;ursolic acid;
Plantago-mucilage A; Vitamin B1; succinic acid; adenine; choline; palmitic acid;stearic acid;arachidic acid; oleic acid; linoleic acid; linolenic acid;
Planta-san; Beta-sitosteryl-3-O-Beta-D-glucopyranoside; planta-goside;
Volatile Oil contains:carvacrol; 1-oelen-3-ol; linalool; geranyl acetate;alpha-Pinene; camphene; limonene;n-hexanol;
3-Hexen-1-ol; camphor; 1-terpinene-4-ol; Beta-caryphyllene;Alfa-terpinyl acetate; nerolide; guaiacol; cresol.
Phytochemicals and Proposed Mechanism of Action:
The major constituents in plantain are mucilage, iridoid glycosides (particularly aucubin), and tannins. Together these constituents are thought to give plantain mild anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antihemorrhagic, and expectorant actions.Plantain is approved by the German Commission E for internal use to ease coughs and mucous membrane irritation associated with upper respiratory tract infections as well as topical use for skin inflammations.Two Bulgarian clinical trials have suggested that plantain may be effective in the treatment of chronic bronchitis.Insufficient details were provided in these reports to determine the quality of the trials or their findings. Although plantain was thought to possess diuretic properties, one double-blind trial failed to show any diuretic effect for this plant.A preliminary trial found that topical use of a plantain ointment (10% ground plantain in a base of petroleum jelly) was helpful as part of the treatment of people with impetigo and ecthyma, two inflammatory skin disorders. Insufficient details were provided in this report, however, to determine the quality of the study or its findings.
Following ingestion of psyllium, very little is digested in the small intestine. The psyllium polysaccharides are resistant to hydrolysis by the digestive enzymes. Some fermentation of the psyllium polysaccharides takes place in the large intestine via the action of colonic bacteria. The products of fermentation include the short-chain fatty acids acetate, propionate and butyrate, as well as hydrogen and carbon dioxide. The short-chain fatty acids that escape colonic metabolism are transported via the portal circulation to the liver, where they undergo metabolism.
- 1.Plantago asiatica L.Uses Plantain seed and Plantain Seed Extract.
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