Fennel Legends,Myths and Stories.
- Basic Botanical Information of Fennel,Fructus Foeniculi.
- What Is It?General Description of the Fennel Seed.
- History,Region and Habitat of Fennel Origin.
- History and Modern Use of Fennel.Traditional and Ethnic Uses of Fennel.
- Fennel Legends,Myths and Stories.
- Constituents and Pharmacology Properties of Fennel.
- Medicinal Properties,Healing with Fennel for common health problems.
- Various Common Uses Of Fennel.
- Fennel:Administration and Indications Guide,Dosages and Safety.
- Research Update:Fennel.Fructus Foeniculi.Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
Fennel Legends,Myths and Stories:
Fennel is one of nine Anglo-Saxon herbs known for secret powers. In ancient days, a bunch of fennel hung over a cottage door on Midsummer's Eve was said to prevent the effects of witchcraft. Today, if witches are not a problem, try nibbling on the herb's seeds, as Roman women did centuries ago, to help depress the appetite. Women in Roman times believed fennel prevented obesity.
The ancients believed eating the fennel herb and seeds imparted courage, strength, and conveyed longevity. In Imperial Roman times the physicians were in high regard of fennel for medicinal purposes.
The ancient Greeks and Anglo-Saxons snitched on their fast days by nibbling a little fennel, which reduced the appetite.
The ancients believed that myopic reptiles ate fennel to improve their vision and so used it themselves for this purpose. It is still prescribed as an eye-wash. Also, for failing eyesight, a tea was made from fennel leaves to be used as a compress on swollen eyes.
Fennel is considered one of the oldest medicinal plants and culinary herbs. It is fairly certain that fennel was in use over 4000 years ago. It is mentioned in the famous Ebers Papyrus, an ancient Egyptian collection of medical writings made around 1500 BC. There it is referred to principally as a remedy for flatulence. Later authors of herbals, such as Pliny (AD 23-79), also describe fennel primarily as an aid to digestion. In the Middle Ages, it was praised for coughs.
Fennel was well known to the ancient Chinese, Hindus, and Egyptians as a harmless medicine and spice. Italians are fond of the seeds as seasoning.
A warm tea of the seeds, slightly sweetened with honey, is a useful carminative for restless babies. A stronger tea, or the oil on a lump of sugar, is soothing for older children or adults.
The seed or the oil is combined with other flavors in the making of liqueurs. Fennel is the principle ingredient of a cordial known as Fenouillette.
In early American times of the 17th century, every garden had its little patch of fennel "for keeping old women awake in church." A sprig of fennel was the theological smelling bottle of the tender sex, not infrequently of the men, who found themselves too strongly tempted to take a nap, would sometimes borrow a sprig of fennel.
The leaves or seed, boiled in Barley-water, and drunk, are good for nurses to increase their milk, and make it more wholesome for the child.
Fennel has a distinctive smell rather like Aniseed. The roots are large, thick and white, the leaves'are winged and the small, yellow flowers at the top of the four-foot (1.2 m) stem are in flat umbels.
Where to find it: Waste places, roadsides and sea cliffs. It is also cultivated in gardens. Flowering time: Early to midsummer.
Astrology: An herb of Mercury under Virgo and bearing antipathy to Pisces.
Medicinal virtues: Fennel is good to break wind, provoke urine, ease the pains of the stone and to help break it. The leaves, or rather the seeds, boiled in water, stays the hiccough and soothes the stomach of sick and feverish persons. The seed boiled in wine is good for those that have eaten poisonous herbs or mushrooms. The seed, or roots, help to open obstructions of the liver, spleen and gall, and ease painful and windy swellings and help the yellow jaundice, the gout and cramps.
The seed helps shortness of the breath and wheezing, by stopping the lungs. The leaves, seeds and roots are much used in drink or broth to make people lean that are too fat.
The distilled water of the whole herb dropped into the eyes cleanses them from mists and films that hinder the sight.
Modern uses:The seeds are mainly used as a flavouring agent in medicines and to disperse flatulence. It is an ingredient of the official compound powder of liquorice. Added to a laxative, it prevents griping. A gripe water can be made by adding eight drops of Oil of Fennel to 1 Pt (570 ml) of distilled water and shaking. The dose ranges from one to eight teaspoonfuls. Fennel tea, also Fennel FOENICULUM VULGARE for flatulence, is made by pouring 1/2 pt (300 ml) of boiling water on to one teaspoonful of the seeds and allowed to infuse. This tea will also help produce milk for nursing mothers.
- 1.Fennel Seed or Xiao HuiXiang,the seed of Foeniculum vulgare Mill,a pungent herb nature warm,its botanical introduction,chemical constituents,history and uses since ancient till today.
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