Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology Effects of Star Anise.
- Botanical Information of Star Anise and Illicium verum.
- Mythology of Star Anise.
- Star Anise from the Records.
- Etymology of Star Anise.
- Star Anise Spice Parts Introduction.
- Spice Description:Star Anise.
- Attributed Medicinal Properties and Constituents of Star Anise.
- Traditional Ethnic of Star Anise.
- Culinary Uses of Star Anise.
- Star Anise medicinal use in Western herbalism.
- Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology Effects of Star Anise.
- Star Anise:Administration Guide and Safety,with Anise.
- Star Anise or Ba Jiao Hui Xiang:Notes from Ancient Herbal Classics and Herbalists.
- Research Update:Star Anise.
Medicinal Uses and Pharmacology Effects of Star Anise.
Approved Indications and Uses by Commission E:Common cold,Cough/bronchitis,Fevers and colds,Inflammation of the mouth and pharynx,Dyspeptic complaints,Loss of appetite.
The fruit is carminative, stimulant and stomachic. It is used primarily to promote digestion and the appetite, and to relieve flatulence. It also makes a good additive to other medicines to improve their taste.The herb is used internally for dyspeptic complaints.It is used both internally and externally for catarrhs of the respiratory tract.
Unproven Uses:In folk medicine,Anise is used internally for whooping cough,flatulence,coliclike pain,as a digestive,for menstruation disturbances,liver disease,and tuberculosis.
Homeopathic Uses:Pimpinella anisum is used for shoulder pain and lumbago.
The leaves and the seeds are antibacterial.
Colic,rheumatism and digestion:Star anise has been used in a tea as a remedy for colic and rheumatism, and the seeds are sometimes chewed after meals to aid digestion.
Increasing libido:Anise contains some compounds that are estrogenic (anethole, similar to estrogen female hormone) and promotes menstruation, facilitating childbirth, increasing libido in women and oddly enough some people have reported androgenic (male hormone) effects as well. Its worth the try, after all it has a reputation for increasing the male libido.
Get rid of Oily skin:According to the Encyclopedia of Fruits, Vegetables and Herbs (Heinerman), Anise will get rid of oily skin, improve your memory, calm a cough, produce breast milk and serve as a natural antacid in place of either Tums or Rolaids for heartburn and indigestion. Simply bring a quart (~liter) of water to a boil, add 7 teaspoons of dried Anise. Reduce heat and simmer to about one and a half pints, strain and add four teaspoons each of honey and Glycerin (used to preserve syrup tea). Take two teaspoons of this syrup every few hours to relieve hacking coughs; two tablespoons three times daily to enhance memory. As a tea, omit honey and glycerin, drink two cups once or twice daily for skin problems, lactation and stomach problems.
Bird Flu:Shikimic acid, a primary feedstock used to create the anti-flu drug Tamiflu, is produced by most autotrophic organisms, but star anise is the industrial source. Tamiflu is regarded as the most promising drug to mitigate the severity of bird flu (H5N1); however, reports indicate that some forms of the virus have already adapted to Tamiflu.
In 2005, there was a temporary shortage of star anise due to its use in making Tamiflu. Late in that year, a way was found of making shikimic acid artificially. A drug company named Roche now derives some of the raw material it needs from fermenting e-coli bacteria. There is no longer any shortage of star anise and it is readily available and is relatively cheap.
Star anise is grown in four provinces in China and harvested between March and May. The shikimic acid is extracted from the seeds in a ten-stage manufacturing process which takes a year. Reports say 90% of the harvest is already used by the Swiss pharmaceutical manufacturer Roche in making Tamiflu, but other reports say there is an abundance of the spice in the main regions - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi and Yunnan.
Cosmetic Uses:some glossary noted this star anise extract can have potent antioxidant and antibacterial properties, but its fragrant component makes this a potential skin irritant and it can cause photosensitivity.
Pharmacology Effects and Findings of Star Anise.
China Scientists and herbalists found various pharmacological effects of the herb Star Anise:(2)
"1.Bacteria Inhibitory effect:This product is water decoction of human type Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Bacillus subtilis has antibacterial effects. Ethanol extract of S. aureus, pneumococcus, diphtheria bacillus, Bacillus subtilis, Vibrio cholera, typhoid bacillus, paratyphoid bacillus, Shigella, E. coli and pathogenic bacteria have a strong inhibitory effect.
The herbal classics CCHM(3) also noted its Bacteria inhibition effects:the ethanol extract of star anise show relative strong inhibition effects on Staphylococcus aureus,pneumococcus,Bacillus diphtheriae,Bacillus subtilis,Bacillus comma,Bacillus typhi,Bacillus paratyphosus,Bacillus dysenteriae,Escherichia coli,and common pathogenic dermatophytes.
Alcohol extracts in vitro against gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus pneumococcus, diphtheria, etc.) Inhibitory effect of potassium penicillin 20 units/ml similar; for Gram-negative bacteria(Bacillus subtilis, E. coli Cholera SF1 and typhoid, paratyphoid, dysentery bacillus, etc.) The inhibitory effect of streptomycin sulfate and 50 units/ml similar; inhibitory effect on fungi than 1% of benzoic acid and salicylic acid.
2.Stimulating effect:volatile oil anisole having stimulation,can promote gastrointestinal motility, can relieve abdominal pain; secreting cells of the respiratory tract have a stimulating effect and promote secretion. It can be used for expectorant.
3.Increase leukocyte function:This product extracts methyl chavicol to normal rabbits and monkeys iml00mg/only,24 hours after administration of former WBC administration 150% (P less than 0.05 =,normal dogs im300mg/only to 24 hours after the drug phenomenon occurs or white,continuous medication leukocyte continuous increase 157% in the first two hours after discontinuation of medication is still leukocytes, bone marrow cells before treatment to 188%,bone marrow cells were active.normal dogs 1 po intestinal pill 200mg/only,24 hours leukocytosis 48 hours before treatment 161% P less than 0.05. surgery directly poured into the intestine,6-24 hours significant leukocytosis phenomenon, as before treatment 166-181%(P less than 0.01).Dogs with cyclophosphamide induced leukopenia,if while taking meth chavicol will enable the dog survived,leukopenia slow and rapid recovery.to chemotherapy and radiotherapy patients have leukopenia good effect.
4.Estrogenic activity:This product contains anethole have estrogenic activity, the activity of 50 mice MU / ml or 100 rat units (RU / ml)."(2)
1: The Star Anise or Anise Seed,good remedy and useful seed step from ancient world.
2: see CHMM(Zhong Hua Ben Cao,or Chinese Herbal Materia Medica)
3: see CCHM(Quan Guo Zhong Cao Yao Hui Bian,or Compilation of Chinese Herbal Medicine)
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