Administration and Suggestions of Elderberry.
- Basic Botanical Data of Elderberry.
- Plant Parts Introduction of Sambucus Nigra,Sambucus Canadensis.
- Botanical Description of Sambucus Nigra and Sambucus Canadensis.
- Habitat of European Elder,American Elder and Dwarf Elder.
- History of Elderberry.
- Chemistry and Pharmacology of Elderberry.
- Phyto-chemicals of Elder Berry.
- Medicinal Constituents of Elderberry Parts.
- Medicinal Uses of Elderberry Plant Part.
- Medicinal Uses of Elderberry.
- Edible Uses of Elderberry.
- Other Uses of Elderberry.
- Magical Uses of Elderberry.
- Therapeutics and Pharmacology of Elderberry.
- Administration and Suggestions of Elderberry.
- Research Update:Sambucus nigra or Elderberry
Administration and Suggestions of Elderberry.:
Elderberry Most Common Dosage Standardization.
Flowers: 500mg (standardized extract), 2-3 times a day.
Flowers- 5% bioflavonoids per dose.
Tea: Pour 5 ounces of boiling water over 2 heaping teaspoonfuls of dried elder flowers, steep and drink 1~2 cups, 3 times a day.
Elderberry-flower tea is made by steeping 3 to 5 g of dried flowers in 1 cup of boiling water for 10 to 15 minutes. A typical dosage is 1 cup 3 times daily. Standardized extracts should be taken according to the directions on the product's label.
Berries: Capsules - 500mg (standardized extract), 2~3 times a day.
Berries: Liquid extract:1 tablespoonful (15ml), 2-3 times a day for 3~4 days.
Berries: Capsules - 500mg (standardized extract), 3 times a day.
Berries: 30% anthocyanins with 8% total acids and 7% total phenols per dose.
Elderberry fruit syrups are often standardized to 30~38 percent elderberry.
Powdered extracts are dosed at 500 mg (capsule) 2~3 times daily.
Liquid form, dosed at one teaspoonful (10 mL) 4 times daily.
For children one teaspoon times per day.
In the case of acute viral infections, course of treatment is generally at least three days.
The most current available medical and scientific literature indicates that this dietary supplement should be standardized to:
The flower preparations are usually administered as teas and alcoholic extracts, and are often found in composite herbal remedies. The traditional dose is 3-5 g of the flower, and this is typically administered 2-3 times a day. Topical cosmetic preparations are used for the skin and eyes. Sinupret contains 18 mg of powdered elder flower extract per dose in combination with other herbs, and Sambucol (a standardized elderberry extract) is marketed in the U.S. by both J.B. Harris and Nature's Way.
Combinations:The flowers may be combined with Achillea and Mentha piperata for colds and influenza, or with Achillea and/or Hyssopus in influenza. For catarrhal states Sambucus can be combined with Solidago.
Administration and Suggestions of Elderberry.
Toxicities and Precautions:Toxicology
Be sure to tell your pharmacist, doctor, or other health care providers about any dietary supplements you are taking. There may be a potential for interactions or side effects.
General:This dietary supplement is considered safe when used in accordance with proper dosing guidelines.
Consumption of the roots, stems, leaves and unripe fruit of the elder plant is not recommended. These parts of the plant can induce vomiting or severe diarrhea if ingested.
Because of the cyanogenic potential of the leaves, extracts of the plant may be used in foods, provided HCN levels do not exceed 25 ppm in the flavor. Toxicity in children who used pea shooters made from elderberry stems has been reported.
One report of severe illness following the ingestion of juice prepared from elderberries has been recorded by the Centers for Disease Control. People attending a picnic, who ingested several glasses of juice made from berries picked the day before, reported nausea, vomiting, weakness, dizziness, numbness, and stupor. One person who consumed 5 glasses of juice was hospitalized for stupor. All recovered. Although cyanide levels were not reported, there remains the possibility of cyanide-induced toxicity in these patients. While elderberries are safe to consume, particularly when cooked (uncooked berries may produce nausea), leaves and stems should not be crushed when making elderberry juice.
The bark should not be used in pregnancy as it is a strong purgative while the unripe berries, young bark and leaves contain the toxic glycoside d-sambunigrin which can produce hydrocyanic acid.
To date, the medical literature has not reported any adverse effects related to fetal development during pregnancy or to infants who are breast-fed. Yet little is known about the use of this dietary supplement while pregnant or breast-feeding. Therefore, it is recommended that you inform your healthcare practitioner of any dietary supplements you are using while pregnant or breast-feeding.
To date, the medical literature has not reported any adverse effects specifically related to the use of this dietary supplement in children. Since young children may have undiagnosed allergies or medical conditions, this dietary supplement should not be used in children under 10 years of age unless recommended by a physician.
Role For Anti-Aging:
An animal study carried out in 1987 reported that elder flowers had moderately strong anti-inflammatory properties, however, no further research to back this claim has been carried out. Recent research carried out at Tufts University has revealed that elderberry contains four anthocyanins that work to protect endothelial cells, which line artery walls, from oxidative damage caused by free radicals.
Black elderberry got noted has potent antioxidant properties,some cosmetic products declared the flavanoids present in these lozenges are among the most potent naturally occurring antioxidants available.On this property,the positive effects of elderberries have already been established:as early as at July 6,2007,Science Daily claims "forget expensive moisturisers and cosmetic surgery, a compound found in the humble elderberry could give a natural boost to skin.",the specific 12-week trial on post-menopausal women(aged between 45 and 70, non-smokers and not on HRT) will consume either extracts from elderberries or four capsules each day for 12-weeks, and will have their skin's structure and appearance measured with state-of-the-art equipment used by experts in skin science. At the same time, researchers will also test whether the elderberry extract can reduce risk factors for heart disease.
There are no confirmed drug interactions with elderberry extract. However, due to the ability of Sambucus flower extracts to potentiate insulin release in vitro, patients with diabetes should be advised to monitor blood sugar closely when using flower extracts.
No adverse reactions to elderberry are known to exist. Raw berries are edible but may cause nausea and vomiting. Herbal products made from the leaves, stems or bark of the elderberry tree should NOT be taken internally as they contain the potentially fatal poison cyanide.
Elderberry extracts are generally without side effects when taken in the suggested dosages. Berries should be cooked, as the consumption of uncooked berries or juice can result in vomiting and diarrhea. Certain constituents of the leaves, stems, flowers, and roots contain poisonous alkaloids. It has also been reported that small percentages of the general population have a type-1 allergy to Sambucus nigra as evidenced by positive-skin prick or RAST test.
Elderberry flowers are generally regarded as safe. Side effects are rare and consist primarily of occasional mild gastrointestinal distress or allergic reactions. Nonetheless, safety in young children, pregnant or nursing women, or those with severe liver or kidney disease has not been established.The stems, roots, unripe berries, and seeds may contain cyanide, and could cause vomiting and severe diarrhea if chewed or eaten uncooked. Ripe berries are safe when prepared for use in foods.
Elder as a Ward:
Elder:Spirits were believed to have inhabited elder trees, and for this reason, the tree was accociated with witches and bad luck (Huxley 2203).
As a Ward:If properly handled, it was believed an elder tree could protect and inable one "under certain circumstances to find out what witches were doing" (Huxley 2203).
- 1.Sambucus nigra,Black elder,Elderberry and its narration literature.
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