Botanical Introduction of the Melissa Axillaris Herb.
Botanical Introduction of the Melissa Axillaris Herb
Axillary Balm,also known as Melissa.Annual or perennial herb,with rhizomes,creeping root.Stems erect,30 to 50 cm tall,square,purplish, the whole plant is pubescent.Single leaves opposite,papery leaf blade ovate or ovate-lanceolate,long 1.2~6cm,serrated edge blunt,sparsely pubescent,following by purplish veins on both sides or all purple,almost no hair,or only along veins pubescent,petiole length 0.2~2.5cm.Round inflorescence or axillary racemes,flowers 3 to 5;bracts linear or linear-lanceolate,with eyelashes;calyx bell-shaped,long 6~8cm,is a festival outside villous,cleft lip 3-toothed short,lower lip two parted,teeth lanceolate;corolla bent,white or pink,about 1cm,upper lip erect,slightly concave top,lower lip 3-lobed,middle lobe larger inner surface sparsely hairy;stamens 4,for longer before;style short,2-lobed.Nutlets oval,smooth.Flowering from June to July,the fruit of 8 to 9 months.
Grow at the sunny slopes grass land of mountain.Grow at elevation 600~2800m roadside,slopes,forest and sunny grass,mainly grown in subtropical areas of below 800m above sea level,open land and abandoned land.Distributed to China privinces Shaanxi,South,Southwest to East.
Grow and available in provinces including Yunnan,Sichuan,Guizhou,Southern Shaanxi,Tibet,western Hubei Province,Western Hunan,Southern Jiangxi,Northern Guangdong,Guangxi and Northern Taiwan,grow at street,mountain,hill,valley,altitude of 600-2800 meters.Also spread to Northeast India,Nepal,Sikkim,Bhutan,northern Vietnam to Indonesia.
- 1.Melissa Axillaris Herb or Honeybees Flower:the small mint herb and its scientific discovery.
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