History and Uses of the Chrysanthemum Flower,surpassingly beautiful and elegant flower.
- Botanical Information and Identification of Chrysanthemum Flower.
- Botanical Description and Habitat of Chrysanthemum Flower.
- Chrysanthemum Flower:Origin and Spread.
- Legends of the Chrysanthemum Flower.
- Chrysanthemum Flower:Constituents and Phytochemicals.
- History and Uses of the Chrysanthemum Flower,surpassingly beautiful and elegant flower.
- Chrysanthemum Flower Uses in Remedies and its Functions.
- Applications and Common Indications of Chrysanthemum.
- Chrysanthemum Flower:Administration Guide,Suggestion and Safety.
- Chrysanthemum flower:Modern researches and Pharmacological findings.
- Nan Yang Chrysanthemum Flower Legend,the Double Ninth Festival and Chrysanthemum Flower.
- Chrysanthemum Flower,Ju Hua:Notes from Ancient Herbal Classics and Herbalists.
- Brief Introduction of the famous Ornamental Chrysanthemum Flowers
- Brief Introduction of the Herbal Chrysanthemum Flowers of China
- Research Update:Chrysanthemum Flower.
History and Uses of Chrysanthemum Flower.
Chrysanthemum is a hardy plant that is a native of China,northern Africa and southern Europe.Its name is said to be derived from the Greek words, chyros, meaning "golden" and anthos, meaning "flower," and its flowers come in almost every color except blue. The flowers are known to purify the blood, and in Chinese Medicine, they are used as a cooling summer beverage. Chrysanthemum is considered excellent for counteracting inflammation. It is said to improve vision and is used for a wide range of eye problems such as eye soreness, redness, lachrimation, night blindness and eye strain. Research is demonstrating Chrysanthemum's potential in treating angina by dilating coronary arteries. It is also said to be antibiotic against a wide range of pathogens. Chrysanthemum possesses strong activity against abnormal growths, and some tests have demonstrated that out of fifteen compounds isolated from the edible flowers, all showed potent inhibitory effects against abnormal cells. The primary chemical constituents of Chrysanthemum include stachydrine, flavonoids, betaine, choline and vitamin B1. Chrysanthemum is considered anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and antihypertensive. Chrysanthemum flowers have been used to relieve hypertension and vertigo; to pacify the liver; expel wind and clear eyesight. The flowers are also said to be effective for wind-heat syndrome with symptoms of fever and sore throat. The juice of a fresh plant can be applied to skin infections.
It is indicated for dizziness due to all wind, swellings and pains, the eyes feeling as if they are falling off and dacryorrhea.
Shen Nong Ben Cao
It treats pathogenic wind-heat in the head and eyes, dizziness and pains in the chest bones, disperses all urticaria from the body and promotes the circulation of the blood vessels.
Yao Xing Lun(On Drug Properties)
It calms the liver, soothes the lungs, removes wind pathogens from the upper part of the body, treats the eyes, dispels wind, replenishes yin and nourishes the kidneys.
Simplified Materia Medica
Long period taken of Chrysanthemum flower brings benefit to blood,make body comfortable and extend longevity,from legend tales of Shen Xian Zhuan(Legend of Immortal),ancient immortals named Kang Fengzi,Zhu Ruzi became immortal for taken chrysanthemum flower long years,thus the chrysanthemum flower got its famous name as "Remedy Regale,Drink Master" in ancient China,the origin of TCM and oriental medicine.
Shen Xian Zhuan(Legend of Immortal)
Surpassingly beautiful and elegant,Wonderful flowers in the world:
Chrysanthemum flower native to China,and got known by our Chinese folks at very early ancient years,as ancient classics 《礼记-月令》(The Book of Rites-Yueling) more than 2000 years ago recorded "秋季之月......鞠(有)黄华(花)",means "The moon in the autumn...bloosom approach the end,the yellow flower(Chrysanthemum flower) comes.".Ever since then,the Chrysanthemum flower gradually became one of the famous traditional flowers in China,and got listed as one of "the Ten Famous Flowers".In the early period,ancient folks paid more attention to the medicine value and functions of the Chrysanthemum flower,it got introduced into gardens and cultivated as a flower for view until the Three Kingdom Period and the Jin Dynasty Period.Till the North Song Dynasty,chrysanthemum flower cultivating and viewing became very popular among people,and this tradition kept following the time.All the cultivated Chrysanthemum flower species in the world are directly or indirectly introduced from its homeland China.As a traditional famous ornamental flower,Chrysantemum flower has had been respected highly by Chinese folks ever since.
The Chrysanthemum flower has many varieties,its flower shape and petals rich in forms and shapes,its gesture noble and graceful,colorful.Once the late autumn comes,all flowers withered and fallen,only the Chrysanthemum flower started to flower in the chilling frosts,it not only became a wonderful flower for people to view,also became a good subject to praise for poets and scholars since ancient.Till the Song Dynasty,chrysanthemum flower cultivating came to the period of great prosperity,heyday cames!Kaifeng city was the Capital of the North Song Dynasty,the chrysanthemum cultivating customs more prevail than other area.Each Double Nine Festival cames,folks and govenment hold chrysanthemum exhibitions,hang up chrysanthemum lanterns,and drink chrysanthemum wines,these all have records in ancient literature 《东京华梦录》(Dong Jing Hua Meng Lu).A famous poet of the Ming Dynasty named 李梦阳(Li Mengyang) ever wrote in his poem that "万里游燕客，十年归此台，只念秋色里，忍为菊花来。"which means "traveled over tens thousands of miles to north east China,return to here 10 years later,what left in memory,is that in the autumn scenery,bear all those hardships on the way,to back and enjoy the chrysanthemum flower."
For thousands years,the chrysanthemum flower attracted many scholars and poets,they all borrow the chrysanthemum flower to lay their hope in it,to express their grief and indignation,or express proud and aloof,or express against.They all enjoy drinking the chrysanthemum flower wine at the Double Yang Festival.The autumn air sense refresh,the chrysanthemum flower bloosom,at the window,near the fence,stretches of golden yellow,happen to met the dreamful festival,enjoy viewing the Chrysanthemum flower with friends,witty and perfect.Ancient poet 白居易 of the Tang Dynasty ever wrote in poem 《重阳席上赋白菊》(Chong Yang Xi Shang Fu Bai Ju,or Poem of the white chrysanthem flower at the Double Yang Festival Banquet) "满园花菊郁金黄，中有孤丛色白霜。还似今朝歌舞席，白头翁入少年场。",this poem expressed the lofty ideal and great aspiration of the poet.
In general,the point tips to view the chrysanthemum flower,except care about the date and location,other elements like shape,color and spirit of the flower may taken as keys.The best date to view Chrysanthemum flower,is around the Double Yang Festival.But in south China,the Chrysanthemum flowers bloosom days later,and view the chrysanthemum flower and enjoy wines became a fashion and tradition to both Chinese scholars and folks.To view the romantic charm of the Chrysanthem flower,means to sense the rich artistic taste contained in it with sincerity,this is the essence of flower viewing,and the ultimate sensations,it may require the viewer own some higher cultural literacy and rich imaginations,and it also cultivate own mind.
- 1.Chrysanthemum Flower,Ju Hua or Flos Chrysanthemi,Apply and Modern Researches.
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