What is Sea Buckthorn,Hippophae rhamnoides L,Sea Buckthorn Berry,Argousier,Sanddorn,Finbar,Homokt?Seabuckthorn and its History?
- Basic Botanical Data of Sea Buckthorn.
- Sea-Buckthorn(Hippophae rhamnoides L.).
- Phytochemicals and Properties of Sea-Buckthorn berries.
- Nutritional Values of Sea-Buckthorn berries.
- What is the secret of Sea-Buckthorn berries?.
- Wonder-working berries,antioxidant and wide uses.
- Typical composition of the Sea Buckthorn Fruit Extract.
- History of Sea Buckthorn.
- Research Update:Sea Buckthorn or Hippophae rhamnoides.
Phytochemicals and Properties of Sea-Buckthorn berries.:
Phytochemicals: Flavonoids, Carotenoids, Phytosterols
Medicinal properties: Sea buckthorn is most frequently used for the treatment of diseases of skin and digestive tract. The most important properties of sea buckthorn anti-inflammatory, anti-microbiological , pain relief and the promotion of tissue regeneration. Sea buckthorn oil is also used to treat vaginal mucositis, cervical erosion, radiation damage, burn, ulcers, skin damage and mucositis.
Other facts: The berries have very high levels of vitamin A and other carotenoids, vitamin C, vitamin E and flavonoids. The vitamin C level of 3600 ppm is about 10 times higher than that of oranges. The seabuckthorn berries are are also rich in vitamins B1, B2, K and P.
Because of sea buckthorn's thorny nature, it is becoming popular for planting to deter trespassing animals and people.
A German study concentrated on the vitamin Bs in Sea Buckthorn:
Previously, it had been assumed that no plant contains a significant amount of vitamin B12, but this study found that Sea Buckthorn not only contains all the B vitamins, its vitamin B12 content is as high as in liver.
The clinical study shows that a lack of vitamin B12 causes such problems as skin disorders, anemia, digestive disorders, nerve damage and dysfunction of the mucous membranes.
Other researchers found some antibiotic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties in Sea Buckthorn.
Sea Buckthorn is a dioecious hardy plant, which means a male and a female shrub is needed to produce fruits. They thrive in moist soils, but grow also in poor soil, can tolerate cold and extreme conditions. The female plants should be pruned to provide sunlight and make picking the berries easier.
Sea Buckthorn:Phytochemicals and Constituents In Groups
Long years of zoology flux and rigor environmental variations,adversity adaption make the Sea Buckthorn Berry rich in various phytochemicals, and it really contains almost 190 kinds of natural constituents with good vivid activity,the sea buckthorn berry oil contains about 106 kinds of active constituents,which including 6 kinds fat soluble vitamins,22 kinds of fatty acids,42 kinds of lipid,33 kinds of flavonoids and phenols.So many kinds of rich phytochemicals and conposition proved that Sea Buckthorn is a very precious herb medicine material,it not only can be prepared as herb medicines,also easy to make various of functional supplement,and many other necessary products our human needed,the sea buckthorn berry contains many kinds of nutritions,mainly as: flavonoids,lecithin,cephalin,unsaturated fatty acids,amino acid,trace minerals.Many research findings showing that the phytochemicals of sea buckthorn berry could be classified into 11 groups as following:
Flavonoids: Sea Buckthorn Berry contains more than 7 kinds of natural flavonoids,they are Isorhamnetin,Quercetin,Isorhamnetin-3-Beta-D-glucoside;Isorhamnetin-3-Beta-D-glucosaminide;kaempferol,etc.Pharmacological clinical trials proved that flavonoids and phenols of sea buckthorn berry could boost up body tolerance,reduce capillary vessel ermeability (capillary permeability),special effects for Cardiovascular Disease prevention proved,especially release functional improve properties of angina and cardio function,lowering the level of cholesterol and triglycerides,release obvious purifying ability to blood dirty,old blood cells,blood trash,etc.
Triterpenes and Sterols: Sea Buckthorn contains about 26kinds of triterpenes and sterols,including Ursolic Acid,oleanolic acid,Sitosterol,digitalinum verum(digitalin),vitellin,choleterin,24-Ethyl-7Beta-lathosterol;Lupeol,unsaturated aldehydes,alpha-amyrin;beta-amyrin,beta-sterol,etc.These nutritional adjustment functions good to boost tenacity of blood vessels.
Oil and Fatty Acids: Fruit,Seeds,pericarp,stalk hull and leaves of sea buckthorn contains fatty oil,quality and oil ratio varies from different part.Sea Buckthorn contains more than 100 kinds of oil and fatty acids,fatty acids including Lauric acid,myristic acid,palmitic acid,Hexadecenoic acid,Stearic Acid,Oleic Acid,linoleic acid,linolenic acid,etc.
Phenols and Organic Acid: Phenol content in sea buckthorn contains malic acid,citric acid,Succinic acid,beta-Coumarin,over than 14 kinds of phenolic acid,etc.Thus the drink liquid which use sea buckthorn as main material taste light sour.Phenols and Phenolic acid clinical proved effective for treatment of Coronary Atherosclerosis,increase the flexility and plasticity of blood vessels,lower blood pressure,good choice for prevent and treatment of Coronary Atherosclerosis,apoplexy recovery and apoplexy prevention,etc.
Vitamins: Sea Buckthorn rich in Vitamin C,and the concentration ratio of Vitamin C is the best in all fruits and vegetables,also the state of vitamin C in sea buckthorn fruit very stable,vitamin C functions good to boost up the activity of brain nervine cells,increase brian anoxia endurance,kick away pressure fatigue and brings back high efficiency,this is the main reasons energy feelings we got once taken sea buckthorn products.Every 100 grams sea buckthorn berry contains 800~850 mgs Vitamin C,highest record about 2100 mgs,3 or 4 times as the Vitamin C content in Chinese Gooseberry,10 to 15 times as Vitamin V in orange,20 times as Vitamin C of hawthorn,200 times as Vitamin C of grape;Except Vitamin C,sea buckthorn fruit contains Vitamin E,Beta-Carotine,and Vitamin B complex,etc.Vitamin E ratio about 15~220 mgs every 100 grams of sea buckthorn berry,Beta-Carotine ratio about 500~800 or even as high as 1400 mgs every 100 grams,20 to 30 times as beta-carotine content in bean oil,other vitamins Vitamin B1,Vitamin B2,Vitamin B12,Vitamin K,Vitamin D and VBC,VPP identified,thus make sea buckthorn a botanical source for Vitamins.So less taken other fresh fruit and vegetables if taken liquid of drinks of sea buckthorn.This is a good choice for people go evection oftenly and irregular eat habits.Vitamin E contains in sea buckthorn fruit very important to people.Its main physicological and pharmacological functions is:protection effects on membrane,protect damage from free radicals and lipid peroxide,boost immumne functions,lower cholesterol,treatment for atherosclerosis,prevent unsaturated fatty acid peroxide,lowering blood cholesterols,prompt hyperplasia of capillary vessels,improve micro-circulations,thus prevent atherosclerosis and other cardio cerebrovascular disease,it specially plays an important actions to normal functions of bone,cardiac muscle,smooth muscle and surrounding blood vessels,an important constituents to keep softness,elasticity of blood vessels and keep the blood liquidity.
Volatile Oils: Until today,more than 200 kinds of volatile oil constituents identified,Hydroxycoumarin in this volatile oil can lowering coagulation of blood,prevent the formation of blood clot,thus it can be applied to prevent formation of thrombosis and thrombophlebitis;triterpene and Trierpene Alcohol stimulate activity of heart,sterols functions connect and bundle cholesterol with food,thus prevent the happending of atherosclerosis.
Proteins and Amino Acids: Sea Buckthorn fruit,fruit liquid and seed kerbels all contains and rich in protein,fruit and fruit liquid contains almost all kinds of amino acids,these covered 8 necessary amino acid which can not process synthesis in body.amino acids join the nerve systems composition,adjust the balance between exciting prcedure and restrain procedure of nerve centre,brings better sleeping,nurish blood,tonifying blood and boost blood circulations.
Phospholipid: Phospholipid(including lecithin,cephalin,phosphatidyl inositol,phosphatidyl glycerol) content ratio shares about 0.5% weight base of sea buckthorn fruit,it functions drive away lipids and prevent ulcer,applicable for treatment of atherosclerosis.
Trace Minerals: Minerals functions important for our human physiologically and pathologically.Sea Buckthorn contains 11 kinds of the 14 kinds of important trace minerals which our people knows until now,especially rich in iron,Selenium(Se),zinc,Potassium(K),sodium,calcium,magnesium,copper,manganese,this composition satisfying requirement of our body.
5-HT(5-hydroxytryptamine): Stem hull and fruit berry of sea buckthorn contains important phytochemical 5-HT(5-hydroxytryptamine),this is peculiar in plant kingdom,as a kind of neurotransimitters,5-HT plays important adjustmental functions on feeling conditions,blood pressure,animal heat,inner environment and hormone,boost and speed Human Fibrinogen converting to Fibrin,help for blood concreting.
Saccharide: Sea Buckthorn contains about 5%~10.5% saccharide,it majorly composed of glucose and fructose.Many effects and good functions make sea buckthorn good fame,it is called "Nation Precious" in China, and "The Second Ginseng" in Russia,people from other areas understand it as "Occult Berry".
- 1.What is Sea Buckthorn,Hippophae rhamnoides L,Sea Buckthorn Berry,Argousier,Sanddorn,Finbar,Homokt?Seabuckthorn and its History?
♥The article and literature was edited by herbalist of MDidea Extracts Professional.It runs a range of online descriptions about the titled herb and related phytochemicals,including comprehensive information related,summarized updating discoveries from findings of herbalists and clinical scientists from this field.The electronic data information published at our official website www.mdidea.com and www.mdidea.net,we tried best to update it to latest and exact as possible.
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