Historical and Traditional Uses and Etymology:Juniper Berry.
- Basic Botanical Info of Juniper Berry.
- Juniper Berry Plant Description.
- History Juniper berry.
- Juniper Berry Phytochemicals and Constituents.
- Historical and Traditional Uses and Etymology:Juniper Berry.
- Juniper Berry Modern Common Uses Guide.
- Therapeutics and Pharmacology:Juniper Berry.
- Applications of Juniper.
- Juniper Berry Administration,Dosage and Preparations.
- Research Update:juniper berries.
Historical and Traditional Uses and Etymology:Juniper Berry.:
The historical information presented here is for educational purposes only. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
Juniper Berry is also known by the names Juniper Bush and Juniper Bark. The Juniper is a small shrub, 4 to 6 feet high, widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Juniper Berries take two or three years to ripen, and as a result both blue and green berries occur on the same plant at the same time. Only the blue, ripe berries are picked. Herbal uses of Juniper Berry dates back to early Greek and Arabian physicians. During the Bubonic Plague, cautious people kept a few berries in their mouths to produce an antiseptic aura and prevent infection. Juniper tea was once used to disinfect surgeon's tools. Juniper Berries were also used as a food and a medicine by the Indians of the American plains. Historically, many conditions have been treated with Juniper Berries by several cultures, including gout, warts and skin growths, cancer, upset stomach, and various urinary tract and kidney diseases. In addition to their use in herbology, the berries have been used as a flavoring agent in gin and luncheon meats. The primary chemical constituents of this herb include essential oil (camphene, cineole, myrcene, pinene, terpinene), sesquiterpenes (cadinene, elemene), flavonoids, glycosides, tannins, podophyllotoxin, and vitamin C. Today, Juniper Berries are beneficial in treating infections, especially within the urinary tract, bladder, kidneys, and prostate. Their antiseptic properties help remove waste and acidic toxins from the body, stimulating a fighting action against bacterial and yeast infections. Juniper Berries also help increase the flow of digestive fluids, improving digestion and eliminating gas and stomach cramping. As a diuretic, Juniper Berries eliminate excess water retention contributing to weight loss. Juniper Berries' anti-inflammatory properties are ideal for relieving pain and inflammation related to rheumatism and arthritis. In addition, Juniper Berries are beneficial in reducing congestion, as well as treating asthma and colds. Juniper Berries make an excellent antiseptic in conditions such as cystitis. But the essential oil present in this herb is quite stimulating to the kidney nephrons, and so Juniper should be avoided by those suffering from kidney disease.
Juniper is an important spice in many European cuisines, especially in Alpine regions, where juniper grows abundantly. It is the only example of a spice in the botanic group of the coniferae, and also one of the few examples of spices from cold climatic regions, though the best quality stems from Southern European countries.
Juniper is much used in the traditional cuisine of Central Europe, e.g. for the Southern German specialty Sauerkraut. For its preparation, fresh cabbage is preserved by lactic fermentation and seasoned with juniper, caraway and maybe a few bay leaves. The taste then develops during aging in large wooden barrels. Sauerkraut can either be eaten raw (as a kind of salad), or be cooked or fried (often together with small cubes of smoked ham or bacon) to be served as a side dish; there are also dumplings stuffed with it.
Juniper's main application is, however, meat; it is felt indispensable for venison and combines well with black pepper, marjoram and laurel berries. Juniper berries, properly called cones, should be crushed immediately before use.
Although juniper berries are harmless for healthy people, their massive use is discouraged for people with kidney weakness and pregnant women.
Juniper Berries and leaves are used to support healthy kidney and urinary tract function, and to promote healthy blood pressure. It is often found in natural formulas designed to promote regularity. As a diuretic, Juniper Berries eliminate excess water retention contributing to weight loss.
- Aches (externally)- Antifertility- Antinflammatory- Antioxidant - Antiseptic- Antiviral- Bone and Joint Conditions- Bronchitis
- Cellular Regeneration- Cleansing- Colic- Coughs- Detoxification- Diuretic- Digestive Disorders- Edema- Eicosanoid Balance- Flatulence- Flu- Gas- Gastrointestinal Disorders- Intestinal Infections
- Heartburn- Herpes- Hormone Imbalance- Hyperglycemia- Immuno-inflammation- Menstrual Disorders- Microcirculation Disorders- Sores (externally)- Urinary Tract Problems- Vascular Disorders- Viral Infections- Water Retention
The classical Latin name of that plant, iuniperus, cannot be explained satisfactorily; possibly, it is a Celtic loan. Other theories assume it is a Latin compound: It could be a contraction of iuveni-parus "(too) young (early) bearing", which would refer to the abortive action of the related species Juniperus sabina. Or it could contain iuncus "rush, reed", in reference to the flexible branches of juniper usable for plaiting. Also, connections to Iupiter (genetive case: Iovis) have been proposed, which might hint at otherwise unknown cultic uses.
Names of juniper in several European languages, especially Romance languages, derive from that name: Besides English juniper, we have Dutch jeneverbes, Italian ginepro, Spanish enebro (Old Spanish ginebro), Provencal genebre, Romanian ienupar and even Hebrew juniper. In English, the French loan juniper supplanted the Old English name of that plant, cwicbeam "life-tree" (modern quickbeam), which was also used for rowan (mountain ash, Sorbus aucuparia).
The German name Wacholder (of which Machandel is a Northern variant) contains a stem which might be related to wachsen "grow" (cf. English wax "increase"), but is more probably derived from the Indo-European root WEG- "weave, web" (cf. English veil, wick), since its branches have been used for weaving. Incidentally, the same root also lies behind English wax as in beewax.
The Germanic tree suffix d(e)r, as seen in Wacholder, appears in several other German plant names. At the bottom lies Indo-European DERU with the basic meaning "tree, particularly oak" and the derived meaning "strong, firm, reliable". This is a very prominent root, which hardly any Indo-European language is free of: Gothic triu "tree, wood", Sanskrit darvi "wooden", Farsi dar "wood", Greek drys (Mycenaean drus) "tree, oak", Old Irish daur "oak", Russian derevo "tree", Latvian darva "tar", furthermore Latin durus "strong, robust", Lithuanian drutas "thick, strong" and Old English trum "strong, firm". Examples from Modern English include tree, tray, tar, true and trust.
In some Middle Eastern languages, cinnamon bears the name "Chinese wood", where the latter element is represented by words of the DERU kin, e.g., Hindi dal chini. See cassia for a more detailed discussion. Another spice plant name which might derive from that root is "laurel".
- 1.Juniper berries is helpful to magickaly prevent sickness.
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