Paraliterature Glossary gives discussions not of thing-ness "Korperding",but questions of non-thingified Being "Geistding"! "Paraliterature"?
"Paraliterature"?As maybe got attentioned and disclosed by Jodey Castricano,that in the last thirty years,cryptominesis as a writing practice of Jacques Derrida's later works,which appearing with increasing frequency accompanying the living-dead,the revenant,the phantom and the crypt,along with their effects of haunting and mourning,such a practice of encryption in Derrida's writing bears traces of being "ghost-written",and such a cryptomimesis functions in terms of textual mime to produce,in part refer to as "Paraliterature",a hybrid of literature and criticism,art and science,in other names,cryptography or phantomime,since these terms draw attention to the uncanny dimensions of a writing practice that takes place as a ghost of crypt-effect of haunting and mourning.
Contents: in editing!body without organs |buy |bears |British Enlightenment of mourning |Barbara Creed |border |borderline subject |borderline |borderline writing |birth of the doubles |believe |believe in ghost | | |
body without organs:The body without organs,or what Deleuze ever described in A Thousand Plateaus,that the child does not come 'before' the parents but is rather their 'germinal contemporary'.The becoming-child takes place in terms of the body without organs that functions not as a memory of childhood but as a 'childhood block'.The body without organs is the site of 'intense germen'.This body is badly thought if it is mapped out in terms of a regressive egg since this egg is a milieu of pure intensity that a self always carries with it as its milieu of experimentation and its associated milieu.This egg denotes not a field of undifferentiation but is the site of production 'where things and organs are distinguished solely by gradients,migrations,zones of proximity'....This body is not,therefore, simply before the organism but always adjacent to it.There is always,therefore,'a contemporary,creative involution'.The body without organs conceived in these terms is never a body that can be owned or possessed,it is not a site for the production of identity but only ever becomings that involve spirits,ghosts,demons,etc.It is a site of sorcery.And for the error of psychoanalysis,contend Deleuze and Guattari,was to depict to the phenomena of the body without organs as regressions and phantasies caught up in an 'image' of the normative body:'As a result,it only grasps the flipside of the BwO and immediately substitutes family photos,childhood memories,and part-objects for a worldwide intensity map'.(1980:203-4;1988:165),and this event without body,got addressed by Jacques Derrida as the question of the event,and precisely as a question of the ghost,as virtual and insubstantial as a simulacrum.
buy:the word "buy" used by Louis Creed suggest some ambivalence,means to purchase,and also suggest its "slang" usage,"to accept,believe,be deceived by,suffer and receive as pinishment".Dr.Jodey suggested Louis bears a secret name as "buy",as Louis's relationship to himself suggests a system of exchange,an economy in which he transfers guilt into a secret account,one which is maintained through "forgetfulness" under the word-name "buy".And there is an inner dialogue happened when Jud Crandall's story regarding both animals and people whose return from the Pet Sematary was an occasion of horror,a vagrant thought crosses Louis's mind "What do you want to buy next,Louis?"
bears:bears,or bears the dead in a haunting,brings the sense of "giving birth to" and also of conveyance,sustainment,and transport; an active contractual relationship with the dead.
British Enlightenment of mourning:Esther Schor suggested the economic relationship to the dead and commented:"the Englightenment culture of mourning was instrumental in mediating between received ideas of virtue,both classical and Christian,and a burgeoning,property-based commercial society.In the first chapter of his Theory of Moral Sentiments,Adam Smith designates an originary act of sympathy for the dead as the motivation for all subsequent occasions of sympathy.The most urgent significance of this myth lies in Smith's economic metaphors for the relations between the living and the dead.According to Smith,sympathetic 'tribute' 'paid' to the dead is not given freely;rather it is an 'indebted' consideration for the moral value with which the dead endow the living.Moreover,the diffusion of sympathy from the grave outward is characterized as a series of exchanges;sympathy in extended to the mourner by a disinterested party in exchange for a curbing of grief."
Barbara Creed:the creator of the piece named Power of Horror.
border:border,or the question of borders,for the concept of a border that function of which is protection against what is "improper" or "unclean".Which crosses or threatens to cross the 'border' is abject.As asked by Kristeva of the threat,that "how can I be without border?",and for such a question,should be placed on the "I" since it is a question of identity which resonates for the subject.To speak of a threat to the subject is to speak of abjection,and to consider abjection is to consider the terror that the threat of borderlessness inspires.And a border related terror is finally related with a corpse,as in the living sense,"I am" means "I a, at the border of my condition as a living being.",that the "border of [one's] condition as a living being",or the abject's threat to life.1.Thus the abject must be "radically excluded" from the place of the living subject,and such activity of exclusion is necessary to guarantee that the subject take up his/her proper place in relation to the symbolic.Thus for the place of a living subject,there is a "imaginary border" of inside/outside,and this "imaginary border" got suggested by Jodey integral to the distinctions between "inside" and "outside",and these distinctions in turn determine "the place of the living-subject",for the place of the living-subject,thus the imaginary border(border) plays a very important role,as it formed the ontological security of the so-called subject(or "the border stability").And Derrida ever mentioned and remarks on the crossing of certain borders which threaten to identity2.He used and mentioned it by the "edge-line".And as Castricano suggested,border,related with threshold and door.
as the cases of Kristeva and in gothic fils,Castricano suggested the border actually is "the body without a soul",one of the most basic forms of pollution,as the "the corpse signifies not one side but always 'the other side of the borders,the place where I am not and which permits me to be'."4,in the cases of gothic,that figures are "bodies without souls"(the vampire),"the living corpse"(the zombie),corpse-eater(the ghoul) and the robot or android.
borderline subject:a borderline subject,or a borderline text,and a borderline writing,as suggested by Derrida-Castricano,that a "borderline" subject as a spectral effect of a certain tracing.And focused on superimpositing and "ghost writing"3,in brief,"In short,the borderline subject is a textual effect of superimposition and suggests that what is at stake in 'ghost writing' is a careful and sustained tracing of the other.",Castricano borrows the concept of "borderline" which raised by Derrida to form such a space.
borderline:the borderline,as an effect drawed upon by Derrida to describe "that separate the enclosed narrative from the other."When Dr.Kas discuss with Derrida's attention of Blanchot's works in Parages,a question got raised out:"how to approach the work of a writer whose writing has displayed an uncanny awareness of how it is to be read,a writing that raises the question of its own status,reads itself,comments on itself,contains 'instructions' on how it is to be read and interpreted?""How to speak to or address someone,how to call out to him?How to reach the other,that is,the other shore?",with discussing Blanchot's 1953 recit,Derrida declared he tried to approach Blanchot.With this reading,Derrida showed his interest a host questions concerning what delimits a text,with 6 questions:(1).what is a title,and how does it function?(2).Does the title belong to the essay,is it a part of it or is it a separate entity?(3).What makes a genre?(4).According to what laws are genres defined and demarcated from one another?(5).What authority can legitimate such laws?(6).What makes one work philosophical and another literary? also mentioned Derrida about citational writing,or recitational writing.
borderline writing:borderline writing,in such a writing case,the topos of the 'I' achieves its uncanny resonance through a kind of dopplegangr effect similar to that evoked in/by "The Fall of the House of Usher".And effect produced by the borderline.see also enclave,collage effect.
birth of the doubles:in the view point of Prof.Kas Saghafi,"the birth of doubles in archaic and Attic Greece is bound up with the perception of death and the funerary practices involved.After death and the performance of burial rites,each person takes on a double aspect:
a.A visible aspect:permanent,localized,hard like the stone erected over the tomb.A mnēma,a memorial,was constructed by the erection of a sēma on the tomb.The sēma,a mark in the form of a burial mound,kolossós or stele,stood in for the soma,the effigy or the corpse that the person became at death.Up to the end of the seventh century BCE,a stele was simply a brute stong with no inscription marking the place of a tomb.In the sixth century,the stele began to bear figurative representations.The immovable funerary substitute for the absent corpse also served to evoke in men a glory that was now certain not to perish.Apart from the mnêma,the only way for the dead to be remembered was through the permanence of their name and the glory of their renown in the memory of the living and that of future generations.
b.An invisible aspect:that of the ungraspable,evanescent psuchē,the double of the living body---which resembles the body,having its exact appearance,clothing,gestures,voice,etc.---but which is exiled to the world of the beyond,Hades.Incontrast to the standard translations of psuchē as 'life breath',or,according to Benveniste,simply 'breath',both Redfield and Vernant convincingly argue that the psuchē,that which leaves the person at the moment of death,is not the soul but a phantom.(with a cite reference of James Redfield,Jean-Pierre Vernant,books names).
Then Kas proposed:"All doubles or 'supernatural' apparitions,whether psuchē,phasma,or oneiros,connote a 'presence' external to the subject and at the same time reveal themselves to belong to another,inaccessible realm.Each phantomatic double is a real 'presence' and simultaneously an irremediable absence,the irruption of the invisible in the visible.It is with Plato,the first theoretician of the image as artifice and fiction,that all doubles become judged against the proper,against truth,against essential being(ousia,to on) as insubstantial semblances.(then mentioned some book reference on 'the category of doubles',and author Jean-Pierre Vernant's extensive work.)".see also category of doubles,doubles.
believe:Derrida posed a plea such as "here,now,yes,believe me,I believe in ghosts.",Dr.Kas Saghafi suggested that was a testimony statement,and tells that since the act of faith or belief called forth by any bearing witness is beyond all knowledge and intuition,the appeal of belief is itself not provable.And to say "believe me!['crois-moi!']" is appeal to the expereience of a miracle,...and "the experience of disenchantment is nothing but a modality of this miraculous experience.(RM 76)"...as the addressee,the third,has no immediate access to what was witnessed....and Witnessing appeals to the act of faith,which is always open to betrayal,infidelity,and perjury.If perjury or false oaths were not at the heart of all witnessing---and there must always be the chance of perjury---there would be no testimony.A testimony asks us to believe,but what is it to believe?What is an act of belief?"The radical phenomenon of believing[croyance] is the only possible relation to the other as other."There can no no social bond or tie without belief and believing,for an appeal to faith is made in every act of language and every address of the other.As soon as one opens one's mouth or exchanges a silent look,a "believe me" is involved.5
believe in ghost:this will always means challenge scientificity of science.Derrida confess that he "believes in ghosts" is referring to the ghost that "he is",the ghost that "he has in him",or the one before him,"in front of him" and who haunts him,"an other," therefore,"the ghost(who is another) in him as the ghost of an other?",so Kas proposed Derrida concerns us.6see also scientificity,believe.
1: see Powers of Horror,for the abject's threat to life,Kristeva-Creed-Castricano marks:"corpse (or cadaver:cadere,to fall) that which has irremediably come a cropper,is cesspool,and death;it upsets even more violently the one who confronts it as fragile and fallacious chance.A wound with blood and pus,or the sickly,acrid smell of sweat,of decay,does not signify death.In the presence of signified death-a flat encephalograph,for instance-I would understand,react,or accept.No,as in true theater,without makeup or mask,refuse and corpse show me what I permanently thrust aside in order to live...There,I am at the border of my condition as a living being...If dung signifies the other side of the border,the place where I am not and which permits me to be,the corpse,the most sickening of wastes,is a border that has encroached upon everything."
2: see Aporias,11.:"An indivisible line.And one always assumes the institution of such an indivisibility.Customs,police,visa or passport,passenger identification-all of that is established upon this institution of the indivisible,the institution therefore of the step that is related to it,whether the step crosses it or not.Consequently,where the figure of the step is refused to intuition,where the identity or indivisibility of a line...is compromised,the identity to oneself and therefore the possible identification of an intangible edge-the crossing of the line-becomes a problem.There is a problem as soon as the edge-line is threatened.And it is threatened by its first tracing."
3: see Living On,256.
4: see Powers of Horror,3.
5: see Apparitions-of Derrida's Other.Kas Saghafi,Fordham University Press.2010.ISBN.978-0-8232-3162-1.under title "The Ghost of Jacques Derrida.You'll Just Have to Believe Me".p.81.
6: see ibid,under title "The Ghost of Jacques Derrida.Because,You See,I Am a Ghost.".page 82.
♣ last edit date:8st,Dec.2010.