Paraliterature Glossary gives discussions not of thing-ness "Korperding",but questions of non-thingified Being "Geistding"! "Paraliterature"?
"Paraliterature"?As maybe got attentioned and disclosed by Jodey Castricano,that in the last thirty years,cryptominesis as a writing practice of Jacques Derrida's later works,which appearing with increasing frequency accompanying the living-dead,the revenant,the phantom and the crypt,along with their effects of haunting and mourning,such a practice of encryption in Derrida's writing bears traces of being "ghost-written",and such a cryptomimesis functions in terms of textual mime to produce,in part refer to as "Paraliterature",a hybrid of literature and criticism,art and science,in other names,cryptography or phantomime,since these terms draw attention to the uncanny dimensions of a writing practice that takes place as a ghost of crypt-effect of haunting and mourning.
Contents: in editing!not(the) |non-presence |Near-death experience |no-place |non-place |Nicolas Abraham and Maria Torok |nocturnal visibility |notion of reference |neutre |neutre:two ways |narrative voice |neutral literary act |neutre-spectrality |neutral speech |ni...ni...structure |neutral figure | |
the not:"the not",or the "unnameable",the not "falls between being and non-being",the "not",been variously named "God,Satan,the good,evil,being,nonbeing,absolute knowledge,nonknowledge,the unconscious,",and the phantom,as the ghost and the crypt are conditions of textuality,they are necessarily "unspeakable in words."..."the unnameable that haunts language as a strange exteriority 'within' discourse",focusing on Derrida's affinity with the Gothic,is in his evocation of haunting as the uncanny condition of language,which in turn implies textuality and postality.Like the crypt,the strange topography of language hides and hold the unnameable.The lost object (of desire) haunts only because,by necessity,it was not properly buried/introjected.In effect,the crypt "reveals" language as haunted architecture which appears to Mark Wigley as "the irrepressible haunting of space,the spectral economy of the haunted house...[This economy] underpins Derrida's work without ever being its apparent subject,is first and foremost the enigmatic movements of displacement or dislocation"1.
non-presence:the "non-presence",or what evoked by the returns from the grave is a living-dead nearer to "the nonpresence of the other" which might called by Derrida in Of Grammatology,Dr.Castricano thinks the notion of "non-presence" calls attention to the uncanny aspect of what one "owns" or in any case,"writes,"illustrate whar Derrida means by the "unrepresentable"2.The return of an unspeakable "non-presence" abolishes representative distance,like King's use of the word "it" to describe the return of Creed's wife(Rachel) from the grave,and it exceeds the ontological determinant,human.and "what finally croaks the word 'darling' at the end of King's novel is unspeakable in that,in a certain sense,it is not."
Near-death experience:A near-death experience (NDE) is an experience reported by a person who nearly died, or who experienced clinical death and then revived. The experience has become more common in recent times, especially since the development of cardiac resuscitation techniques. Popular interest in near-death experiences was sparked by Raymond Moody Jr's 1975 book Life after Life and the founding of the International Association for Near-death Studies (IANDS) in 1978.
Nicolas Abraham and Maria Torok:french psychoanalysts,Nicolas Abraham and Maria Torok,give master pieces under title Le Verbier de l'Homme aux loups(1976);L'Ecorce et le noyau(1978),proposed the concept of crypt,and proposed their work reelaborating the Freudian theory of melancholia and mourning,Derrida ever mentioned above scholars when talks about crypt,that "the question concerning the crypt is much more difficult because,in order to reconstitute this problematic carefully,one would have to refer once more to the psychoanalytic theory of the crypt elaborated by the French psychoanalysts Nicolas Abraham and Maria Torok[Le Verbier de l'Homme aux loups(1976);L'Ecorce et le noyau(1978)].To view very quickly,the alternative topical description they have proposed came out of their work reelaborating the Freudian theory of melancholia and mourning.They have proposed the concept of the crypt.Now,what is the crypt in this instance?It is that which is constituted as a crypt in the body for the dead object in a case of unsuccessful mourning,"
For their career background,Abraham's academic background was in philosophy,he also worked as a translator,among other things of Hungarian poetry.Maria Torok's originally trained as a child psychotherapist.they become a couple in Paris.
Works:anthology articles L'Ecorce et le Noyau(The Shell and the Kernel,english translation by Nicolas Rand),published in 1987.From the introduction of Professor Maria Yassa,"many of these articles bear the imprint of thought in opposition,they are sometimes polemical regarding those Freudian,Kleinian and Lacanian orthodoxies which in this period dominated French psychoanalysis."3,a number of Abraham and Torok's central ideas got presented in the study of Freud's analysis of the Wolf man(1976).
nocturnal visibility:the nocturnal visibility,when Derrida explains about what we "see" on the screen in his interview with Bernard Stiegler,if of an entirely other order than one sees and believes at live presence.And the visibility of Ogier's image,the spectral apparition of Pascale Ogier,is no simply visibility but what he calls "a nocturnal visibility",a "visibility of the night"(E 129-31).Whatever is "captured" by optical instruments is already the specter of "a 'televised' [une télévisée],already dis-appearing as it is looked at,aimed at,targeted,by an intentionally at a distance(télé-visée)(E131.)"4.
notion of reference:For Derrida,photography in general,and Barthes' La chambre claire in particular,bring to light the significance of the notion of reference.This is an opinion of Kas.5.see more photographic referent.
neutre:le neutre,Kas proposed that when discuss the poetry of Rene Char by Blanchot in his essay named "Rene Char and the Thought of the Neutral",Blanchot attentioned that le neutre is not a matter of vocabulary,and attentioned "The unknown is verbally neuter"(EI 440/298),Kas proposed that given that the neutre does not belong to the category of the subject or the object nor to any genre,it follows that "the unknown is always thought in the neuter"(EI 440/299).and Kas recognized that later Blanchot in the section named "Parentheses",extend the reach of le neutre to the encounter with the other,and related le neutre to the Other(L'Autre),where Kas proposed a finding of double neutral sign,or an exchange of voices,and Kas proposed finally at the end of L'entretien infini,Blanchot related le neutre with narrative voice6.Following discussion of narrative voice,Kas proposed that Derrida's attention about neutre,and proposed it beared by the narrative voice,["The narrative voice then bears the neutre---which should never be confused with neutrality---'beyond dialectical contradiction and beyond all opposition'(Par 151)."],Kas suggested that Derrida attentioned neutre surpasses negativity,it rather linked to the double affirmation(yes,yes,come,come),and attentioned a ni-ni-structure involved in all neutral statements,Kas give some discussion about the importance of this ni...ni structure.Followed Kas proposed that neutre got decided or determined by arret. see more with paralysis,pas:double effect,IL,narrative voice,neutral literary act,neutre-spectrality,neutral speech,no-place.
neutre:two ways:or the two way neutre,which Kas discussed with Kafka's writing and novel story telling,or narration,he recognized the storytelling or narration,is governed by the neutre in two ways,and Blanchot writed that "the narrative voice is neutral",Kas suggested he thinks two way,1.is that:"not only that what is recounted is not recounted by anyone [n'est raconte par personne]:it speaks in the neutral [au neutre]," 2.is that "but also that in the neutral space of the narrative,whoever speaks---the bearer of speech---falls into a relation of self-nonidentification(EI 564/384).",Kas proposed that Blanchot mentioned the narrative voice is also inscribed by the intrusion of the other7.
narrative voice:what related here is about the relation of le neutre with narrative voice,Kas proposed Blanchot,in his book L'entretien infini,at end titled "The Narrative Voice(the 'He,' the 'It', the 'Neutral [le 'il,', le neutrel]'),"Blanchot explains the connection between le neutre and what he calls the narrative voice.and Noted already in L'espace litteraire and demonstrated that to write is to pass from "Je" to "IL".and Kas proposed Blanchot's findings about difference betweenm Je IL,and proposed that "In this passage,Blanchot writes,the 'IL' by no means represents another 'I'.If the 'IL' is a voice,it is neither the voice of the author nor that of the narrator(the narrating voice).Often mistaken for the impersonality of a third person or a stance of aesthetic disinterestedness or distance,the 'IL' is not the voice of anyone in particular.It is what occurs when one tells a story,and it is in the novels of Kafka that Blanchot finds its most striking exemplification."8.Kas find that Derrida attentioned neutre and spectrality,and in Derrida's writing Survivre about Blanchot,Derrida observes that in order to define and explain the narrative voice,Blanchot twice employs the "syntax of the sans"(Par 151/106),and raised syntax of the sans,like Derrida attentioned Blanchot's twice exploys of phrases such as "lieu sans lieu" and "distance sans distance",So Kas made a conclusion that "The narrative voice then bears the neutre--which should never be confused with neutrality---'beyond dialectical contradiction and beyond all opposition'(Par 151)."12,see more with syntax of the sans,neutre,ghostly neutral figure.
neutral literary act:Kas attentioned Blanchot defined the neutral literary act in relation to a certain spectrality,as early in his essay titled Rene Char and the Thought of the Neutral, it attentioned the neutral frees meaning as a phantom,as "Neutral would be the literary act that is neither affirmation nor negtation and (at a first stage) frees meaning as a phantom,a haunting,a simulacrum of meaning:as though literature were spectral by nature[comme fantome,hantise,simulacre de sens,comme si le propre de la litterature etait d'etre spectrale],not because it would be haunted by itself,but because it bears the preliminary of all meanings,which is its obsession[sa hantise].(EI 448/304;emphasis added.)".9.
neutre-spectrality:Kas proposed that Blanchot associated the intrusion of the other as neutre with what he calls "the spectral",in the essay titled with "The Narrative Voice".,where Blanchot noticed that it is the indifference-difference that alters the personal voice,and he called this indifference-difference spectral,or ghostly spectrale.it quoted that "The narrative voice that is inside only inasmuch as it is outside,at a distance without distance,cannot be embodied.Although it may well borrow the voice of a judiciously chosen character,or even create the hybrid function of mediator(that which ruins all mediation),it is always different from what utters it:it is the indifferent-difference [la difference-indifferent] that alters the personal voice.Let us (on a whim) call it spectral,ghostly [Appelons-la (par fantaisie) spectrale,fantomatique].(EI 565-66/386;emphasis added.)",Kas attanetioned a no-place,or a placeless place of this spectral of the narrative voice,as he proposed following the quote,that "The narrative voice is said to be 'spectral' because,neither inside nor outside,in a placeless place,it 'always tends to disappear [s'absenter] in its bearer and also efface the bearer as the center'(EI 566/386).The spectral narrative voice is never central,nor does it create a center from out of which it speaks.It bears the neutre insofar as 'to speak in the neutral is to speak at a distance,preserving this distance without mediation and without community,and even in sustaining the infinite distance of distance---its irreprocity,its irrectitude or dissymmetry'(EI 566/386).The neutre is precisely this greatest or infinite distance where dissymmetry governs.",and Kas attentioned this neutral speech outside visible-invisible.10.
neutral speech:Kas,when discuss the neutre-spectrality,followed and proposed that "More over,'neutral speech [la parole neutre] does not reveal or conceal;its signification is not in the manner of illuminating or obscuring,thus it falls outside the regimes of the visible and the invisible.",which Kas suggested these sections of Blanchot about neutre and spectrality,maybe a starting point of Derrida's attention.11.
ni...ni...structure:It was Derrida writes of the neutre and confirmed that it surpasses the negativity,and linked to double affirmation(yes,yes,come,come),as Kas quoted Derrida about neutre:"Despite the negative form that it takes on im grammar (ne-uter,neither-nor) and that betrays it,it surpasses [deborde] negativity.It is linked rather to the double affirmation (yes,yes,come ,come) that re-cites itself and becomes involved in the recit."(Par 152).Thus "the nor[le ne-pas]," rather than directing negation "towards a position or a negation," directs it "toward the singular undecidability of the approach of the other [l'abord de l'autre]:being able to go neither further nor closer [ne pouvoir aller ni plus loin ni plus pres]"(Par 97;emphasis added.),and Kas proposed the ni..ni...structure important for Derrida to talk the movement of neutre in terms of undecidability.as he proposed that "It is this 'ni...ni[neither/nor] structure involved in all neutral statements---not being able to go any further or to come any closer---that permits Derrida to speak of the movement of the neutre in 'Pas' in terms of undecidability.Derrida explains that this movement is neither negative nor dialectical;rather,the undecidable is only a phase that 'foils[dejoue] a certain relation to the dialectic and neutralizes it.The neutre must,'at a certain moment,pass in a natural way that is without possible conventions,through the same form as what it is neutralizes or passes through[neutralise ou passe]'(Par 70.)",Kas suggested that in this case,the neutre must pass through the form of dialectics,a binary or triadic thinking,that logic or grammar that encloses the ne-uter in negativity or makes of "pas" a noun or an adverb(see Par 70).But this movement without movement of the neutre does not ever come to a stop with the undecidable13.and This could be called the movement of the neutre.
neutral figure:Kas proposed the neutral figure,in Blanchot's recits,the undecidable,neutral--spectral---step/not toward the other is taken toward an other that is itself strangely spectral.Nothing but a shade (une ombre),a pure reflection without consistency,a void or a gap(une vide),a double,the double of the thing,the thing doubled,"the figure of the other,without figure,face [la figure de l'autre,sans figure]," belonging to the zone of shadows,neither real nor unreal,this ghostly "neutral" figure,this phantomatic "image",is the exemplary figure of Blanchot's recits,yet a figure that in its singularity,like every figure,resists generalization(Par 62).Kas proposed that the neutral figure should refers to the heterogeneity,the productive multiplicity,of an as-yet-unbifurcated potential or reverse.Kas proposed this as a nonbinary neutre,a neutre not determined by the dialectic,allows for the possibility of chance and randomness and thus for the possibility of a different sexuality on each singular occasion14.
1: see Cryptomimesis,The Return of the Living Dead.page 46~47.Jodey Castricano,McGill-Queen's.
2: see Economimesis22:"it [like that which utters the word "darling" at the end of King's novel] is unnameable in its singularity.If one could name it or represent it,it would begin to enter into the auto-effective circle of mastery or reappropriation.An economy would be possible.The distinguishing X cannot even announce itself as a sensible object without being caught up in a teleological hierarchy.It is therefore in-sensible and un-intelligible,irrepresentable and unnameable,the absolute other of the system."
3: see Nicolas Abraham and Maria Torok--The inner crypt,page 1,by Maria Yassa,published at The Scandiavian Psychoanalytic Review,ISSN 0106-23012,year 2002.
4: see Apparitions-of Derrida's Other.Kas Saghafi,Fordham University Press.2010.ISBN.978-0-8232-3162-1.under title "The Ghost of Jacques Derrida.A Spectral Body".page 78~79.
5: see ibid.under title "5.Phantasmaphotography III",page 88.
6: see ibid.under titiel "Part III.Approaches.6.By the Board.Derrida Approaching Blanchot.Paralysis.",page 117~118.Kas quot5ed Blanchot's extends the reach of le neutre to the encounter with the other :"And yet every encounter---where the Other[L'Autre],suddenly looming up,obliges thought to leave itself,just as it obliges the Self[le Moi] to come up against the lapse[La defaillance] which constitutes it and from which it protects itself---is already marked,already fringed by the neutral.(EI 450/306).page 117."
7: Kas quoted Blanchot about the narrative voice inscribed by the intrusion of the other:"The narrative voice 'it' [Le 'il' narrative],whether absent or present,whether it affirms itself or hide itself,and whether or not it alters the conventions of writing---linearity,continuity,readability---thus marks the intrusion of the other [L' intrusion de l'autre]---understood as neutral---in its irreducible strangeness and in its wily perversity.The other [l'autre] speaks.But when the other is speaking,no one speaks because the other,which we must refrain from honoring with a capital letter that would determine it by way of a majestic substantive,as though it had some substantial or even unique presence,is precisely never simply the other.The other is rather neither the one nor the other[ni l'un ni l'autre],and the neutral that indicates it withdraws it from both.(EI 565/385;emphasis added.)"see ibid.under titiel "Part III.Approaches.6.By the Board.Derrida Approaching Blanchot.Paralysis.",page 118~119.
8: see ibid.under titiel "Part III.Approaches.6.By the Board.Derrida Approaching Blanchot.Paralysis.",page 118~119.
9: see ibid.under titiel "Part III.Approaches.6.By the Board.Derrida Approaching Blanchot.Paralysis.",page 118~119.
10: see ibid.under titiel "Part III.Approaches.6.By the Board.Derrida Approaching Blanchot.Paralysis.",page 119.
11: see ibid.under titiel "Part III.Approaches.6.By the Board.Derrida Approaching Blanchot.Paralysis.",page 119.
12: see ibid.under titiel "Part III.Approaches.6.By the Board.Derrida Approaching Blanchot.Paralysis.",page 119~120.
13: see ibid.under titiel "Part III.Approaches.6.By the Board.Derrida Approaching Blanchot.Paralysis.",page 120.
14: see ibid.under titiel "Part III.Approaches.6.By the Board.Derrida Approaching Blanchot.Paralysis.",page 121.
♣ last edit date:8st,Dec.2010.