Witchcraft Glossary give discussions to myth and ritual,alchemistry and other relatives,witchcraft and witchery!Witchcraft, in various historical, anthropological, religious and mythological contexts, is the alleged use of supernatural or magical powers. Historically, it was widely believed that witchcraft involved the use of these powers to inflict harm upon members of a community or their property.
Since the mid 20th century, the term witchcraft has sometimes been used to distinguish between bad witchcraft and good witchcraft, with the latter often involving healing. The concept of witchcraft as harmful is normally treated as a cultural ideology, a means of explaining human misfortune by blaming it either on a supernatural entity or a known person in the community. A witch (from Old English wicce f. / wicca m.) is a practitioner of witchcraft.
The "witch-cult hypothesis", a controversial theory that European witchcraft was a suppressed pagan religion, was popular in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Since the mid-20th century, Witchcraft has become the self-designation of a branch of neopaganism, especially in the Wicca tradition following Gerald Gardner, who claimed a religious tradition of Witchcraft with pre-Christian roots.
Contents: Wednesday |Waxing Moon |Waxing Crescent |Waxing Gibbous |Waning Moon |Waning Gibbous |Waning Crescent |Wisewomen |Wort Cunning |Work Space |Wild Strawberry |White Willow |Willow Knot Spell |Willow |Woodruff |Wormwood | | | | | | | | |
Cast for:Cummunication matters,cleverness,creativity,to improve your luck.
Candle/charm bag colors:Orange or purple.
Common herbs associated with Mercury:Almond,celery seed,dill,fennel,lavender,parsley.1
Waxing Crescent and Waxing Gibbous,The waxing moon is technically when the moon is in the first quarter and second quarter phases.Every evening,you'll notice that the moon is higher and higher in the western sky at sunset.As it rolls farther into the second quarter,it seems to begin to rise in the east and hour or so before sunset.Traditionally,you cast spells and create charms during the waxing moon for "increase" and to draw positive things and goals toward you.A few of these positive goals may include fertility,creativity,health and wellness,prospertity,happiness,and love.
The Moon appears to be partly but less than one-half illuminated by direct sunlight. The fraction of the Moon's disk that is illuminated is increasing.
The Moon appears to be more than one-half but not fully illuminated by direct sunlight. The fraction of the Moon's disk that is illuminated is increasing.
Waning Moon:Waning Gibbous and Waning Crescent,The waning moon begins the day after the full moon,with the advent of the third quarter moon phase,and into the fourth quarter.The moon rises a little later in the eastern sky each evening,and you will notice that it begins to look slightly lopsided.As each night progresses,the right side of the moon looks a bit more pared down.Work during this lunar phase to push away unwanted energies and to remove negative situations.Now is when you cast herbal spells for "decrease" and to banish.(As the moon shrinks,so does the problem.) Use this phase to drive out illness or fatigue or to banish dream or fear.This is also a great time to cleanse and to send negativity out of your life and your home.
Waning Gibbous - The Moon appears to be more than one-half but not fully illuminated by direct sunlight. The fraction of the Moon's disk that is illuminated is decreasing.
The Moon appears to be partly but less than one-half illuminated by direct sunlight. The fraction of the Moon's disk that is illuminated is decreasing.
Wisewomen:The first Witches and the custodians of the old herbal knowledge of benevolent spells and charms.
Wort Cunning:Herb craft.Wort is an old word for "herb".
Work Space:While this is not technically a tool,a space set aside to work your herb magic is a wonderful thing to have.Some practitioners move around.For example,i have cast herb magic all over my house and yard:at the kitchen counter,while sitting at a patio table in my gardens,and even while sitting on the grass,tucked under a shady tree.It all depends on how formal you wish to be.Use the following suggestions as guidelines,and be creative:
Some magical folks use illuminator candles,which are often white tapers set up in attractive candle holders.These are placed in the back of the work space to provide illumination,hence the name,and they set a lovely mood.You can include a representation of the God and Goddess.Artwork is nice,or a simple and earthy option would be to include a fresh rose in a vase for the Goddess,and a few acorns or an oak leaf for the God.You may also want a cloth to cover the work area.This could be as simple as a scarf or a small tablecloth,or even a placemat.I have seen placemats with herbal patterns and themes that would be pretty sharp.
Again,go with what you prefer.You can make the setup simple or elaborate,according to your mood or personal taste.I also like to include representations of each of the four elements on my herb magic altars:a burning tealight in a holder for fire,a crystal point for earth,a feather for air,and a seashell for water.These items are small and can be grouped togethor and kept out of the way so you have more working space for your herbs and tools.
Wild Strawberry:The strawberry (Fragaria vesca) is a plant native to North America and Britian.It was known to the ancient Britons,Romans,and Anglo-Saxons.This plant,like many others,corresponds to the planet Venus and the element of water.The strawberry is sacred to the Norse goddess of love,Freya,and this fruit has many ties to sexuality and love.Traditionally,strawberries were used in medieval literature and art as a representation of desire and mortal love.On the opposite side of the leaf,the strawberry was also a symbol of perfection and virtue.
The fresh fruit of the strawberry was once crushed and used to lighten freckles,soothe sunburn,and help whiten stained teeth.As you would imagine,strawberries are eaten raw,added to desserts and to flavor liqueurs and cordials,and,of course,cooked into preserves,jams,and jellies.The strawberry's leaves are used as a relaxing tea and as a wash for oily skin.The dried leaves are also added to potpourri for their texture and scent. Strawberries are food of love,think chocolate-covered strawberries for Valentine's Day,or imagine feeding your love fresh strawberries dipped in cream.Also,the leaves of the wild strawberry may be worked into a sachet or herbal charm to help safeguard a pregnancy.
Strawberry normally used in Scented Strawberry Spell to remove sour vibes.
White Willow:I am a willow of the wilderness,
Loving the wind that bent me.
---Ralph Waldo Emerson.
This tree (Salix alba) corresponds with the moon and the element of water.This elemental association makes perfect sense,as willow typically like growing near the water.The willow tree may reach up to eighty feet in height,and the bark of the white willow has been utilized for centuries for its fever-reducing and pain-relieving properties.There are several Greek deities associated with the willow tree,including Artemis,Ceres,Hecate,Hera,Mercury,Persephone,and also the Greek sorceress Circe,who was a priestess of Hecate.
Willow leaves and twigs are often worked into love-promoting charms and spells.A small branch of willow would make a wonderful wand for use in any moon magic and,of course,for love spells.According to herbal folklore,artists,mystics,poets,and other wise folks would sit and meditate,write,or draw under the draping branches of the willow tree to revitalize themselves and to help gain a touch of divine inspiration.
Feeling down in the dumps,or a little blue?Sometimes the best thing we can do it to work for a loving relationship with ourselves.After all,if you are miserable with yourself,it's pretty though to attract anything or anyone positive to you.Why not work with the power of the willow and bless yourself with a little happiness and self-love?There is an old,reliable Witch's spell that is also a fun type of magic to perform with a group.It is Willow Knot Spell.
Willow(Salix alba).Also known as White Willow,Tree of Enchantment,Witches' Aspirin,Withy.One of the seven sacred trees of the Irish;a Druid sacred tree.The willow is a Moon tree sacred to the White Lady.Its groves were considered so magical that priests,priestesses and all types of artisans sat among these trees to gain eloquence,inspiration,skills and prophecies.For a wish to be granted,ask permission of the willow,explaining your desire.Select a pliable shoot and tie a loose knot in it while expressing what you want.When the wish is fulfilled,return and untie the know.Remember to thank the willow and leave a gift.It is a Moon tree sacred to all Moon Goddesses and Great Mother Goddesses.Wands made from willow branches are specifically for Moon magic.But willows have been known to cause trouble for anyone cutting their limbs without asking first and leaving a gift.
Willow Knot Spell:To have your spell wish granted,you are to stand under the graceful branches of the willow on the night of a full moon.Blow a kiss to the moon and state your wish out loud,as you gently tie a loose knot in one of the supple branches.
Then,while gazing up at the rising moon,repeat this verse:
Under the Lady's moon,shining so bright,
Willow tree,hear my request on this night.
In this willow tree,I now leave a marker,
Grant me love and happiness,and bring much laughter.
Close the spell with these standard Craft lines:
By all the power of three times three,
And as I will it,so mote it be..2
Willow:Poplars and willows grew green and plentiful by the springs and rivers of Greece,and were thus from time immemorial felt to come within that magic influence adhering to any living water that gushed from eternal Mother Earth.These tress are "water-loving",the phrase used in the charming description of the spring in the homeland of Odysseus,Ithaca.They are also sacred to the nymphs,those daughters of the dark underworld which was felt to be opening in every gap of the earth from which water came forth.
Yet the same trees also grow near graves;the elm,the willow and the tamarisk lined the banks of the Scamander and for the ancients they were a symbol of mourning and death.....During this feast it was the age-old custom for women to make themselves a kind of bed out of willow branches strewed on the ground,on Mother Earth,and on these the women would rest during the festival.This custom,as is abundantly clear from textual evidence,was a dedication to chastity,for the willow,precisely because it was "fruit-destroying",was a symbol of sexual continence.As against this, it has been most plausibly contended that this could not possibly be the custom's actual origin;on the contrary,it is held that the bed of willow branches which rested upon the life-begetting earth and of which the green was sacred to the motherly goddesses,was originally looked upon as a means of sanctifying the womb and promoting fertility.
This seems too much like an attempt to interpret a mythological development by means of cold logic,and it appears to miss the element of paradox that figures with quite exceptional prominence in the symbolism of the fruit-destroying willow.For the willow is both these things;its dual character is essentially in accord with the use by the Greeks of the dual number when in Eleusis they spoke of Demeter and Core as τωθεω.The willow is both mother and virgin.3
Woodruff:Woodruff(Asperula odorata).Also known as Sweet Woodruff,Master of the Woods,Wuderove.A Druid sacred herb that acquires its scent after drying.Carry a sprig of woodruff when you want to change the course of your life and bring victory.Add to the Beltane wine as a symbol of clearing away barriers.
Wormwood:Wormwood(Artemisia absinthium).Also known as Absinthe.A Druid sacred herb;very magical and sacred to Moon deities.An accumulative poison if ingested!Burned with incenses on Samhain(Halloween) to aid evocation,divination,scrying and prophecy.Especially good when combined with mugwort.Strengthens incenses for exorcism and protection.
1: see p.21~24.chapter two Herb Magic Secrets:Timing,Terms,and Tools of the Trade;from Herb Magic for Beginners: Down-to-Earth Enchantments,By Ellen Dugan Published by Llewellyn Worldwide, 2006,ISBN 0738708372, 9780738708379
2: Ibid,see p.65~66.under title "Herbal Trees for Love"
3: see p.293~295,V,"The Willow Branch of the Next World",from Greek myths and Christian mystery,by Hugo Rahner,Published by Biblo & Tannen Publishers,1971,ISBN 0819602701, 9780819602701.
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