Witchcraft Glossary give discussions to myth and ritual,alchemistry and other relatives,witchcraft and witchery!Witchcraft, in various historical, anthropological, religious and mythological contexts, is the alleged use of supernatural or magical powers. Historically, it was widely believed that witchcraft involved the use of these powers to inflict harm upon members of a community or their property.
Since the mid 20th century, the term witchcraft has sometimes been used to distinguish between bad witchcraft and good witchcraft, with the latter often involving healing. The concept of witchcraft as harmful is normally treated as a cultural ideology, a means of explaining human misfortune by blaming it either on a supernatural entity or a known person in the community. A witch (from Old English wicce f. / wicca m.) is a practitioner of witchcraft.
The "witch-cult hypothesis", a controversial theory that European witchcraft was a suppressed pagan religion, was popular in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Since the mid-20th century, Witchcraft has become the self-designation of a branch of neopaganism, especially in the Wicca tradition following Gerald Gardner, who claimed a religious tradition of Witchcraft with pre-Christian roots.
Contents: Zoria | |
Zoria:Zoria,also called liubistok.According to Dal' s.v. this is usually Ligusticum levisticum or Levisticum officinalis,lovage.It gave protection from fevers and rusalki,water-sprites who might tickle you to death.
Many other plants may be associated with magical practices.For example beather and thistles gathered on Holy Thursday would protect a house from a hostile koldun if placed under the house or burned in the stove.Birch twig wreaths were used in Trinity day marital divination,and dukhovaia trava,herbs that have been left in church during Trinity day,were a specific for cattle plague.any grass or cereal could be tied in a knot by a koldun in one variety of malefic magic and corn could be used in another kind of plant magic in which you had to hunt for a stalk of corn with twelve ears;when found this was kept until the next sowing when the grains were sown first,before the other seed corn,to ensure a good harvest.One method of healing used by znakhari,or folk healers,was to take nine twigs from a tree struck by lightning,set them alight,then put them out by spraying a mouthful of water through them on to the patient.1
1: See p.280.3.Herbs and Roots,under title "The Bathhouse at Midnight",from The bathhouse at midnight: an historical survey of magic and divination in Russia,by William Francis Ryan,Published by Penn State Press,1999,ISBN 0271019670, 9780271019673.
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