Online Glossary edited with meticulous attitude and published as convenience for site content reference,including glossaries of related different topics,Glossary Phytochemicals are dedicated to Phytochemicals and phyto derived chemical components.Phytochemicals have been used as drugs for millennia. Hippocrates may have prescribed willow tree leaves to abate fever. Salicin, having anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties, was originally extracted from the white willow tree and later synthetically produced become the staple over-the-counter drug called Aspirin!
Phytochemicals are chemical compounds such as beta-carotene that occur naturally in plants. The term is generally used to refer to those chemicals that may affect health, but are not yet established as essential nutrients.While there is abundant scientific and government support for recommending diets rich in fruits and vegetables, there is only limited evidence that health benefits are due to specific phytochemicals.
There is evidence from laboratory studies that phytochemicals in fruits and vegetables may reduce the risk of cancer, possibly due to dietary fibers, polyphenol antioxidants and anti-inflammatory effects. Specific phytochemicals, such as fermentable dietary fibers, are allowed limited health claims by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Contents: Ubiquinone-9 [303-97-9] |Ubisch bodies |ulcerate |-ule (suffix) |umbel |umbelliferone |umbellule |Umbellulone:[24545-81-1] |uncinate |Undecane [1120-21-4] |undulate |unguiculate |uni- (prefix) |unifacial |unifoliolate |unilacunar |unilateral |unilocular |unisexual |united |unsaturated |upper |urceolate |Uracil [66-22-8] |Uric acid [69-93-2] |ursolic acid[77-52-1] |urticoid |utricle |
Ubiquinone-9 [303-97-9]:Synonyms:4-08-00-03313 (Beilstein Handbook Reference);BRN 1900081;CoQ(sub 9);Coenzyme Q(sub 9);NSC 226993;Ubiquinone 45;Ubiquinone 9;Ubiquinone Q(sub 9)
Formula: C54H82O4. CAS RN:303-97-9 Molecular Weight:795.2394
Ubisch bodies:= orbicules.
ulcerate:of pollen grains with a single simple aperture that is polar, rounded, and pore-like (ulcus, pl. ulci), cf. colpate, forate, porate, polycolpate, rugate, sulcate, and trichotomosulcate apertures.
-ule (suffix):a diminutive, a term so qualified is small.
umbel:a raceme inflorescence, all the individual flower stalks arising in a cluster at the top of the peduncle and of about equal length, a compound umbel is an umbel of umbels, as in Apiaceae, see rays, cf. corymb, fascicle, panicle, spadix, spike, thyrse.
umbelliferone:a coumarin.See 7-Hydroxycoumarin [93-35-6]
umbellule:secondary umbel in a compound umbellate inflorescence.
Umbellulone:[24545-81-1]:Synonyms:0-07-00-00159 (Beilstein Handbook Reference);4-Methyl-1-(1-methylethyl)-bicyclo(3.1.0)hex-3-en-2-one;BRN 2042730;Bicyclo(3.1.0)hex-3-en-2-one, 4-methyl-1-(1-methylethyl)-;NSC 22046;THUJEN-2-ONE;Umbellulon;Umbellulone
Cas Type 1 Name:3-Thujen-2-one;Bicyclo(3.1.0)hex-3-en-2-one, 4-methyl-1-(1-methylethyl)-(9CI) Formula: C10 H14O. CAS RN:24545-81-1 Boiling Point:220 deg C
uncinate:terminating in a hooked point.
Undecane [1120-21-4]:Synonyms:hendecane; n-Hendecane; n-Undecane; Undecane;
Formula: C11 H24. Molecular Weight:156.3106 CAS RN:1120-21-4 Melting Point:-25.59. ACX Number:X1003487-0. Boiling Point:195.9. Density:0.74 Refractive Index:1.4173 Water Solubility:insoluble Flashing Point:60
undulate:e.g. of the margin of a leaf blade, with vertical undulations, not necessarily with teeth, cf. biserrate, crenate, dentate, entire, serrate, sinuate.
uni- (prefix):one of whatever is qualified by the prefix.
unifacial:especially of leaves, rounded or terete, so with no adaxial and abaxial surfaces, cf. bifacial, dorsiventral, isobifacial.
unifoliolate:of a leaves, the relatives all with compound leaves, but reduced to only one leaflet in this case, there being some sort of pulvinus or articulation at the apex of the petiole.
unilacunar:of of nodal anatomy in angiosperms, where one leaf gap is left in the central vascular cylinder when the single leaf trace departs, cf. multilacunar, split lateral, trilacunar, see also flank bridges.
unilateral:e.g. of stamens, with anthers grouped on one side of the style.
unilocular:of an ovary, anther or fruit, having only one internal cavity, no matter how many basic units (carpels, sporangia) make it up.
unisexual:bearing only male or only female reproductive organs, used for the gametophyte only.
united:fused together, a vague term, usually preferable are adnate, adherent, appressed, coherent, connate, connivent, fasciate, fasciculate, fastigiate, cf. free.
unsaturated:e.g., of fatty acids with one or more double bonds, e.g. erucic acid, cf. saturated.
upper:of parts of a flower in particular, generally can be replaced by adaxial, cf. lower.
urceolate:e.g. of a polysymmetric corolla, urn-shaped, the mouth narrowed, cf. campanulate, rotate, infundibular, salverform, tubular. (the lobes are rather more spreading than is usual in such corollas).
Uracil [66-22-8]:Synoms: 2,4(1H,3H)-Pyrimidinedione; 2,4-Dihydroxypyrimidine; 2,4-dioxy pyrimidine; U; Uracil;2,4-Dihydroxypyrimidine;2,4-Dioxopyrimidine;2,4-Pyrimidinediol;2,4-Pyrimidinedione;AI3-25470;BMS 205603-01;CCRIS 3077;EINECS 200-621-9;Hybar X;NSC 3970;Pirod;Pyrod;RU 12709; SQ 6201;SQ 7726;SQ 8493;Ura
Chemical Name: 2,4(1H,3H)-Pyrimidinedione;Uracil
Formula: C4 H4 N2 O2. Molecular Weight:112.0878 CAS RN:66-22-8 Other RN:144104-68-7 42910-77-0 4433-21-0 4433-24-3 766-19-8 Melting Point:335 ACX Number:X1002120-6.
Uric acid [69-93-2]:Synoms: 10016335;13154-20-6;1822;1H-Purine-2, 6,8-triol;1H-Purine-2,6,8 (3H)-trione, 7,9-dihydro-;1H-purine-2,6,8(3H)-trione, 7,9-dihydro;1H-Purine-2,6,8(3H)-trione, 7,9-dihydro-;1H-Purine-2,6,8(3H)-trione, 7,9-dihydro- (9CI);1H-Purine-2,6,8-triol;1H-Purine-2,6,8-triol 2,6,8-Trihydroxypurine;2,6, 8-Trioxypurine;2,6,8-trihydroxypurine;2,6,8-Trioxopurine;2,6,8-trioxypurine;33278-42-1;34318-07-5;42911-25-1;42911-27-3;42911-28-4;530-13-2;666777;69-93-2;7,9-Dihydro-1H-purine-2,6,8(3H)-trione;8-hydroxyxanthine;AI3-15432;AIDS-023028;AIDS023028;C00366;CHEMBANK2353;EINECS 200-720-7;Lithic acid;NISTC69932;NSC 3975;NSC3975;Purine-2,6,8(1H,3H,9H)-trione;purine-2,6,8-(1H,3H,9H)-trione;Purine-2,6,8-triol;Purine-3,6,8(1H,3H,9H)-trione,trioxopurine,URATE,uric acid,Uric acid (8CI),Uric oxide,ZINC00895200
CAS Type 1 Name: 1H-Purine-2,6,8(3H)-trione, 7,9-dihydro-
Formula: C5 H4 N4 O3. Molecular Weight:168.11 g/mol CAS RN:69-93-2 Other RN:13154-20-6 33278-42-1 34318-07-5 42911-25-1 42911-27-3 42911-28-4 530-13-2 Water Solubility:60 mg/L at 20 Deg C
ursolic acid[77-52-1]:Synonyms:AI3-03109;CCRIS 7123;EINECS 201-034-0;Malol;NSC 167406;NSC 4060;Prunol;Ursolic acid;Urson;3-epi-ursolic acid;Merotaine;ursolic acid, (3beta)-isomer, 2-(14)C-labeled;ursolic acid, (3beta)-isomer, monopotassium salt
Chemical Name:(3 beta)-3-hydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid;(3beta)-3-Hydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid;3beta-Hydroxyurs-12-en-28-oic acid;Urs-12-en-28-oic acid, 3-hydroxy-, (3beta)-;Urs-12-en-28-oic acid, 3beta-hydroxy- (8CI);Ursolic acid
Formula: C30 H48O3 CAS RN:77-52-1 M.W.:456.7074
Classification Note:Anti-infective agents; Antineoplastic agents, phytogenic
urticoid:a leaf tooth in which the medial secondary vein terminates in a non-glandular apex, there are also higher-order convergent lateral veins, cf. begonioid, chloranthoid, cucurbitoid, cunonioid, dillenioid, malvoid, monimioid, platanoid, rosoid, salicoid, spinose, theoid, violoid.
utricle:a small bladder; a small, bladdery, more or less inflated, dry, single-seeded fruit, a variant of achene s.l., sometimes the fruit itself is surrounded by an appendicular structure, see perigynium s. str., cf. caryopsis, cypsela, nut.
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