Online Glossary edited with meticulous attitude and published as convenience for site content reference,including glossaries of related different topics,Glossary Recipes are dedicated to ancient recipes and spices.The earliest known recipes date from approximately 1600 BC and come from an Akkadian tablet from southern Babylonia!
A spice is a dried seed, fruit, root, bark, leaf, or vegetative substance used in nutritionally insignificant quantities as a food additive for the purpose of flavour, colour, or as a preservative that kills harmful bacteria or prevents their growth.Spices, however, are dried and often ground or grated into a powder.
Many of these substances are also used for other purposes, such as medicine, religious rituals, cosmetics, perfumery or eating as vegetables. For example, turmeric is also used as a preservative; liquorice as a medicine; garlic as a vegetable. In some cases they are referred to by different terms.
Contents: Bacopa Monniera |Baking powder | Bambusa Vulgaris | Banana | Banana pepper | Barbary Wolfberry | Barbounia | Barley | Barracuda |Bartlett pear | Basil | Basmati rice | Bauhinia variegata | Bavette | Bean sprouts | Beef | Beef tomato | Beer yeast | Beet | Belgian endive | Berberis aristata | berry | Betula utilis | Bilberry | Bing cherry | bitter melon | Black bean | Blackberry | Black Cohosh | Black Currant | Black Rice | Black Sesame | Black Pepper | Blepharis edulis / Blepharis persica | Blueberry | Bocconcini | Boerek | Boerhaavia diffusa | bogue | Bombax ceiba | bonito | Borage | Borax anhydrous | Borlotto bean | Bosc pear | Boswellia Serrata | Boysenberry | Broad bean | Broccoli | Broccoli rabe | Brown onion | Brussels sprouts | Buckwheat | Bulbus Lilii | Bulgur | Butea monosperma / B.frondosa | Butea parviflora Roxb | Butternut squash | Button mushroom |
Bacopa Monniera:Botanical Name:Bacopa Monniera
English Name:Thyme-Leaved Gratiola
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Brahmi
Common Name:HERPESTIS MONNIERIA, THYME LEAVED GRATIOLA, BRAHMI
Part Used : Whole Plant;Habitat : Grows in Marshy places and cultivated South India.
Bacopa monnieri is a small, creeping herb that contains the alkaloids brahmine and herpestine.
The entire plant constitutes the well-known drug Brahmi. The drug is astringent, bitter and cooling, and, reportedly improves the intellect. It is used in Ayurveda for the treatment of asthma, hoarseness,insanity, and epilepsy and is also a potent nerve tonic, cardiotonic,aperient and diuretic.
Uses : It is Diuretic, Cardiac, Nervine and Tonic. It is reported to improve intellect, treatment of asthma, hoarseness, insanity, epilepsy. It is a potent nervous tonic and is anti anxiety agent. It is considered good fort heart.
It is reported to improve the intellect, and, acts as an anti-anxiety agent. It also calms restlessness in children and is used in several mental disorders.
Baking powder:Baking powder
A chemical raising agent made from a finely ground mixture of two parts cream of tartar to one part bicarbonate of soda which liberates carbon dioxide gas on heating.
Cooking Tips:To verify if it is still good, place a tablespoon in a cup of warm water. If it begins to foam it is usable.
Bambusa Vulgaris:Botanical Name:BAMBUSA VULGARIS, BAMBUSA ARUNDINACEA
Common Name:BAMBOO, COMMON BAMBOO
Part Used : Bamboo leaves, bamboo exudate, banshalochan, tabasheer
Uses :The leaves are sweet, astringent, cooling, emmenagougue, opthalmic, vulnerary, constipating and febrifuge. Bamboo leaves contain the highest protein levels, stems have less.The bamboo resin (Tabasheer, Banshalochan) is the Siliceous secretion found in the internodes of the stems of various species of Bamboo. It occuors in fragments of masses, and is translucent or transparent and bluish white color. It is astringent, acrid, sweet, cooling, expectorent, constipating, cardiotonic, haemostatic, aphrodisiac, diuretic.
(It, Ja, Po and En) The fruit of a giant herb genus Musa, (all sterile without exact species names, but sometimes named M.sapientum), grown in hot climates throughout the world. The individual fruits 7 to 24 cm long grow in bunches from a central stalk and are usually picked green for transportation and ripened to yellow prior to sale. The flesh is soft and cream colored and when underripe a source of useful low digestibility starch said to reduce the chance of bowel cancer. The skin is thick and easily removed. Desert bananas when ripe have a sugar content of 17 to 19%. Unripe bananas and some, which would never reach high sugar content, are eaten as a staple food and known as plantain. After fruiting the stem of the plant dies back and new suckers grow from the base.
Cooking Tip:If they have turned black then blend them until they become pulp with the juice of one lemon (1 lemon for 6 bananas) and store them in the freezer in plastic bags.
Banana pepper:Name:Banana pepper
A mild yellow-green pepper up to 10 cm long used in salads and as a stuffed vegetable
Barbary Wolfberry:Common Name:Lycium barbarum L.,Fructus Lyeii,Lycium Barbarum,West wolfberry,White stab,Wild wolfberry, mountain wolfberry,Ningxia Wolfberry(barbary wolfberry), ZhongNing Wolfberry.
Wolfberry appear thick shrub,cultivated species normally grow high to 1.6~2.0m,diameter of single main trunk reach to 10cm to 20cm,hat diameter about 1.6m less or more;wild species of wolfberry normally small arbor,height 25cm,thorn and white stab on stem.Single leaves grow cross on short branches,fasciation,needle shape leaves,complete edge,no hair,length 2~3cm,width 2~6cm.Flower fasciation,on short branches,calyces cup shape,chaplet funnel shape,color shallow purple or purple-red.berry shape oval,length 6~20cm,diameter 5 to 10cm,fresh red or dark red,some type appear orange or orange-yellow. Bloom from May to September,Fruit from July to October.pulp thick with glutinosity,contain wolfberry seeds 25 to 50.seeds flat kidney shape,length2.5mm,width 2mm,soil yellow color appear.
English Names:Red mullet
Barley:Common Name:Barley,Barley Grass, Hordeum vulgare,Pearl Barley.
During the latter part of the Stone Age, early man was sprinkling grains of barley over various foods, adding a chewy, nutty quality to his meals. Humans had not yet discovered how to grind grain into flour.
Ancient cultures were forming loaves of barley bread long before domesticating wheat. Since barley contains only miniscule quantities of gluten, the protein that makes wheat breads rise easily, the breads made from this grain were heavy and quite dense but nutritious nonetheless.
Bartlett pear:Name:Bartlett pear
Basil:Botanical Name: OCIMUM SANCTUM
Common Name : BASIL, SACRED BASIL, HOLY BASIL, TULSI
Part Used : Leaves,Seeds
A tender annual herb "Ocimum basilicum" with an aromatic flavor reminiscent of mint and cloves used in salads, pesto and Italian cooking, and added at the last minute to cooked dishes. Sweet basil (French = basilic, herbe royale) is used fresh or dry, preferably the broad leaf basil. There are many interesting types of basil such as the lemon basil, which was known in ancient times and was used in Byzantium. A famous basil sauce is one from Geneva called "pesto" or the Provencal "pistou" (basil, garlic and walnut or pine cone).
Uses : It is Diaphoteric, Anti periodic, Stimulating, Expectorant and Anti-catarrhal. It is used in malaria, catarrh, bronchitis and gastric disorders. It also lowers blood sugar levels and its powder is used for mouth ulcers. It is widely worshiped in India.
Basmati rice:Name:basmati rice
A dense thin long grain rice with an aromatic and nutty flavor, used in Indian cooking for biryani and pilau.
Bauhinia variegata:Latin Name:Bauhinia variegata
English Names:Buddhist Bauhinia, Mountain Ebony, Orchid Tree
Sanskrit / Indian Names:Kanchanara, Kovidara
Bauhinia variegata is a medium-sized, deciduous tree with variously colored flowers.
Its principal constituents are the seeds which yield a fatty oil,the bark yields fiber. The bark is astringent, tonic and anthelmintic.It is useful in scrofula and skin diseases. It is also used for ulcers and leprosy. A decoction of the bark is taken for dysentery. The dried buds are used for diarrhea, dysentery and hemorrhoids.
Long thin strips of pasta noodles with an oval cross section, available fresh or dried
Bean sprouts:Name:bean sprouts
The young shoots of the mung bean "Phaseolus aureus" or adjuki bean, used as a vegetable in Chinese and Japanese cooking. Other seeds that may be sprouted include soya beans, lentils, wheat, rye, mustard seeds and cress (also called green gram, moyashi, tu ya ts'ai).
The meat of the animal known as cattle, cow, bull, bullock (young bull), steer (castrated male 2 to 4 years old). The animal has no generic name in the English language. The Anglosaxon ox is still used for some of what were once the less desirable parts e.g. ox tail, ox liver.
Cooking Tips:For tender meat, marinate all night in the fridge with wine and spices or even in milk.
Beef tomato:Name:beef tomato
A very large fleshy tomato up to 10 cm in diameter, often used as an individual dish.
Beer yeast:Name:Beer yeast,Faex Medicinalis
This is a nutritious, pungent, and salty paste that's popular in Australia, New Zealand, and Great Britain. It's often spread with butter on bread, or mixed with hot water to make a drink Popular brands include Vegemite? Marmite? which is sweeter and perhaps a bit more palatable to Americans, and Promite? which is sweeter yet but hard to find. Substitutes: miso OR beef extract OR peanut butter
Yeast extract is the common name for yeast autolysates, that is, concentrations of yeast cells that are allowed to die and break up, so that the yeasts' digestive enzymes break their proteins down into simpler compounds.
The generic name for members of the Beta family including beetroot, Swiss chard, spinach beet and sugar beet, which latter is the main source of sugar in Europe 2 (USA) Beetroot.
Belgian endive:Name:Belgian endive
These crunchy, slightly bitter leaves are often used to make hors d'oeuvres, but they can also be chopped and added to salads, or braised to make an exquisite (and expensive) side dish. Select heads with yellow tips; those with green tips are more bitter. Their peak season is the late fall and winter.
Berberis aristata:Latin Name:Berberis aristata
English Names:Tree Turmeric
Sanskrit / Indian Names:Daruharidra
Berberis aristata is an erect shrub.
Berberine, berberine chloride and palmative chloride are its principal constituents. The roots possess antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activities. The drug is used as a cholagogue, stomachic, laxative,diaphoretic, antipyretic and antiseptic. It is administered externally for painful eye afflictions and hemorrhoids. The root bark is useful in amenorrhoea.
It has an essential active ingredient, Berberine, which possesses anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties. It is used in the treatment of leucorrhoea.
A small fruit with pulpy flesh enclosing one or more seeds or an assembly of small sacs of juice each encloses one seed within it or on its surface.
Betula utilis:Latin Name:Betula utilis
English Names:Himalayan Silver Birch, Indian Paper Birch
Sanskrit / Indian Names:Bhurjapatra
A moderate-sized tree up to 20 m in height, usually with a somewhat irregular bole.
The bark contains betulin, lupeol, oleanolic acid, acetyloheanolic acid, betulitc acid, lupenone, sitosterol, methyle betulonate, methyl betulate and a new triterpenoid, karachic acid.
The bark is collected in Himachal Pradesh for sale as a drug. It is aromatic and has antiseptic properties.
Bilberry:A small, purple-blue fruit of an evergreen shrub, native to North Africa. It can be still found in those parts, in the wild while 75% of the global amount, originates from North Africa. The fruit of "Vaccinium myrtillus" can be eaten raw, added to a stuffing for pies or added to desserts.
Bing cherry:Name:Bing cherry
A round plump red to purple and very juicy cherry.
Bitter melon:Name:momordica charantia
English Name:Bitter melon, papailla, melao de sao caetano, bittergourd, sorosi, a'jayib al maasi, assorossie, balsam apple, balsam pear, chin li chih, ejinrin gule khandan, fu-kua, karela, k'u kua kurela, kor-kuey, ku gua, lai p'u t'ao, pava-aki, salsamino, sorci, sorossi, sorossie, sorossies, pare, peria laut, peria
This bitter vegetable is believed to have medicinal properties and is widely used throughout Asia.
Black bean:Botanical Name:Phaseolus vulgaris
Common Names: turtle beans (black turtle beans), black Spanish beans, Tampico beans, and Venezuelan beans.
Synoms:turtle beans, black turtle beans, black Spanish beans, Tampico beans, and Venezuelan beans
A type of French bean "Phaseolus vulgaris" widely cultivated in South America and the Far East. The dried bean has a black skin and white flesh and can be used as kidney beans.
A dark red to black soft fruit Rubus fruticosus which grows on long rambling canes in late summer. The berries consist of a large number of individual sacs of juice each containing a seed and all gathered in an elongated sphere. Available wild or cultivated they are used for pies, jam or stewed fruit, often teamed with apples (also called bramble).
Black Cohosh:Name:Black Cohosh
Gynecologically, in North America, it is thought that black cohosh balances estrogen by stabilizing it. In European herbalism it is thought to have an estrogenic action, which actively works to reduce progesterone and promote estrogen levels in the body. It is therefore used where there is a lack of estrogen and an excess of progesterone. In the musculoskeletal system it is used as an anti-inflammatory in arthritic conditions. Its sedative qualities have applications in other systems, for example, in lowering blood pressure, in reducing spasm and tension, and in the respiratory system.
Black Currant:Name:Black Currant
Black Currant is a perennial shrub native to Northern Europe, West China. The Black Currant plant produces a fruit similar to the American blueberry, but containing higher quantities of constituents useful for visual acuity and night blindness.
Black currant (Ribes nigrum) is a fruit native to woodlands. In addition to the anthocyanin glycosides which are responsible for its color, black currant concentrate also contains sugars and acids (including citric acid) typical of fruits.
Black Rice:Name:Chinese Black Rice,China Black Rice,black herb paddy,purple aromatic rice,tribute rice,black tribute rice,Chinese Black Forbidden Rice
Chinese Black Rice is a short grain Rice with a high gluten content making it perfect for both sweet and savory dishes. It is also known as Chinese Forbidden Black Rice. Chinese Black Rice is deep black in color prior to cooking and imparts a beautiful deep dark purple color after cooking. This Rice has a sweet flavor and a wonderful sticky texture. Traditionally served in Taiwan and mainland China as a dessert ingredient, in the West Black Rice is most often found served with main courses.
Black Sesame:Name:Semen Sesami Nigrum,Dry Seed of Sesamum indicum L,Semen Sesami Indici,Hei Zhi Ma
Black sesame seed is a very good tonic herb. It builds Yin Jing, and therefore it is a longevity herb. In addition to its essence-building capacity, Black Sesame also builds blood. It acts in much the same way as Polygonum. Black sesame seed is moistening to the intestines and helps move the bowels. It prevents and relieves constipation due to dryness of the intestines. Black sesame seed is extremely rich in calcium, containing 85 milligrams per gram of seeds. It is also high in protein, phosphorous, iron and magnesium.
Black Pepper:Name:Black Pepper. Piper (United States Pharmacopceia).Black Pepper, Blanc Poivre, Kosho, Pepe,green peppercorns, Pepper, Pepper Extract, Pepper Plant, Peppercorn, Pfeffer, Pimenta, Pimienta, Piper, Poivre, Poivre Noir, White Pepper.
Medicinal Action and Uses:Aromatic, stimulant, carminative; is said to possess febrifuge properties. Its action as a stimulant is specially evident on the mucous membrane of the rectum, and so is good for constipation, also on the urinary organs; externally it is a rubefacient, useful in relaxed conditions of the rectum when prolapsed; sometimes used in place of cubebs for gonorrhoea; given in combination with aperients to facilitate their action, and to prevent griping. As a gargle it is valued for relaxed uvula, paralysis of the tongue. On account of its stimulant action it aids digestion and is specially useful in atonic dyspepsia and torbid condition of the stomach. It will correct flatulence and nausea. It has also been used in vertigo, paralytic and arthritic disorders. It is sometimes added to quinine when the stomach will not respond to quinine alone. It has also been advised in diarrhoea, cholera, scarlatina, and in solution for a wash for tinea capititis. Piperine should not be combined with astringents, as it renders them inert.
Blepharis edulis:Latin Name:Blepharis edulis / Blepharis persica
Sanskrit / Indian Names:Sunishannaka, Uttagana
Blepharis edulis is a small, grey-pubescent or nearly glabrous perennial herb found in the Thar desert and in Africa.
The stem is rigid and leaves are four in each node. The flowers are blue, in strobilate inflorescence. The capsules are 2-seeded.Blepharin was identified from the seeds. The seeds are considered aphrodisiac, and are also resolvent and diuretic.
Highbush blueberries Vaccinium corymbosum have been bred from the American wild blueberry. The purple fruits with a grey bloom are produced in clusters on 1.5 to 2 m high bushes and are similar to bilberries 2 Rabbit-eye blueberries Vaccinia ashei are smaller and grittier than the Highbush varieties. Both cultivated and wild varieties are used to make the well-known American blueberry pie.
Thin slices of ham, veal and cheese, paneed and fried.
Thinly rolled pastry, often a paper-thin variety called yufka, wrapped around a variety of fillings or layered. The many different types of boerek can be fried, baked, cooked on a griddle, or boiled. The most popular fillings are cheese, meat, spinach, and potatoes. If properly made, boereks should be light and crisp with no trace of excess oil. It is said that no girl should marry before mastering tha art of making these pastries.
Boerhaavia diffusa:Latin Name:Boerhaavia diffusa
English Names:Spreading Hogweed
Sanskrit / Indian Names:Punarnava
Boerhaavia diffusa is a weed found throughout India.
The roots contain the rotenoids, boeravinones A1, B1, C2, D, E and F besides the new dihydroisofurenoxanthin and boerhavine. The roots are credited with anti-convulsant, analgesic, diuretic, laxative and expectorant properties.
It has been found to stop intra-uterine-contraceptive-device (IUCD)-induced bleeding. This herb is also known for its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, which are comparable to that of ibuprofen. It has also proved useful as a hematinic.
A long, round fish (cylindrical) fish, with large eyes, silver-grey colored back, fine horizontal dull gold lines and an off-white belly. It weighs up to about 600 grams. Small and medium sized bogue are either fried or grilled. Larger ones are boiled or oven baked with onions, garlic and tomatoes.
Bombax ceiba:Latin Name:Bombax ceiba / B.malabaricum
English Names:Silk Cotton Tree
Sanskrit / Indian Names:Shalmali
A lofty, deciduous tree with horizontally, spreading branches.
The bark, on analysis, possesses tannins and non-tannins. It also contains lupeol, szlig;-sitosterol and its D-glucoside. The bark is given as a demulcent, emetic and tonic. Externally, it is used as a styptic, and also for fomenting wounds. The gum is credited with astringent, tonic, and demulcent properties and is used for dysentery, hemoptysis in pulmonary tuberculosis, influenza and menorrhagia.
Migratory fish. Oily with quite a lot of blood. A long, round body (almost cylindrical) with a pointy snout. The back is blue-black in color and the belly is off-white. There are dark, horizontal lines along its sides. It sometimes weighs over 1.3 kilos. The bonito resembles tunny. They can be told apart by their different snouts and the different directions in which their side markings run - tunny have a shorter snout and dark lines that run diagonally from the back to the belly.
A hardy annual herb "Borago officinalis" with hairy, cucumber-flavored leaves and intense blue flowers. Used to flavor drinks and rarely in salads and the leaves can be cooked as spinach.
Borax anhydrous:English Names:Borax anhydrous
Sanskrit / Indian Names:Tankana
Chemical Name:Hydrated sodium tetraborate
It is a white to grayish, greenish or bluish colored granular mineral, crystallizing in monoclinic system. It is in usage since the historical time. Borax is a well known house-hold commodity. It is mildly antiseptic and cooling properties.
Borlotto bean:Name:borlotto bean
An Italian bean of the same family as French beans with a pinkish skin when dried.
Boswellia Serrata:Botanical Latin Name:Boswellia Serrata
Sanskrit / Indian Names:Shallaki
Family Name: BRUSERACEAE
Common Name: INDIAN OLIBANUM TREE, OLIBANUM , LUBAN, GOND PART USED: BARK, GUM RESIN
Part Used: Bark,Gum Resin
Commonly called Frankincense,Boswellia serrata is a moderate to large branching tree, found in India and the Middle East. Strips of bark are peeled away, yielding a gummy oleo resin.
Uses:The gum is used as an anti-inflammatory agent when applied externally. Internally, besides being antiarthritic, it has expectorant effect and improves immunity. One of the principal constituents in the gum resin is boswellic acid which exhibits anti-inflammatory activity. The gum resin is used as an ointment for sores and has anti-inflammatory, antiatherosclerotic and antiarthritic activities. The nonphenolic fraction of the gum resin had marked sedative and analgesic action.
The bark is sweet, cooling and tonic. It is good in vitiated conditions of Pitta, cough, asthama. It is useful in fevers, urethrorrhea, diaphoresis, convulsions, chronic laryngitis, jaundice and arthritis.
Bosc pear:Name:bosc pear
A hybrid of raspberry, strawberry, dewberry and blackberry, similar to a blackberry but dark red and with a rather acid taste.
Broad bean:Name:Broad bean
The seed of a legume eaten as the whole pod when very young or as green unripe oval shaped beans from more matured pods. Usually boiled but uncooked beans are eaten as a snack food in the Eastern Mediterranean.
A brassica related to the cauliflower, which exists in two forms, the Calabrese q.v. and the sprouting varieties Brassica oleraceae Italica Group. The sprouting variety are harvested in spring after overwintering and consist of small immature purple or green tight clusters of miniature flowers which branch from a thick 1 m tall main stem. They are cut repeatedly for use as a vegetable or salad item until they become too small to be of use. Eaten raw, boiled, steamed, cold or hot.
Cooking Tips:When boiling the broccoli add mustard seeds in the water in order to achieve a more spicy flavor. If it began blooming, add sugar in the boiling water. If we have put too much salt then dip it in warm water for 10 minutes and rinse carefully so that it wont come apart. To avoid the smell in the house when boiling the broccoli, place a slice of bread in the pot or a red pepper cut in half.
Broccoli rabe:Name:Broccoli rabe
The plant Brassica napus from which rapeseed is obtained. Some varieties known as salad rape are used in the west as a source of salad leaves. It is used as a vegetable in northern China where 3 types, broccoli rape (probably the same as broccoli raab), heart of rape and winter rape are used (also called cole, coleweed, coleseed) 2 (Sp) Monkfish.
Brown onion:Name:Brown onion
Cooking Tips:To avoid the tears when peeling, place the onions in the freezer for 20 minutes or peel them under running water and make sure there is no breeze directing towards your face. To achieve a beautiful golden color sprinkle some brown sugar when sauteing the onions. To dissipate the smell of onions in your kitchen, burn some cloves with vinegar.
Brussels sprouts:Name:brussels sprouts
A member of the Brassica family Brassica oleraceae Gemmifera Group consisting of small (to 4 cm diameter), usually tight, basal leaf buds distributed evenly along a thick vertical stalk, harvested in autumn and winter and said to taste better after being frosted. Usually boiled or steamed but may be braised.
Buckwheat:Latin Name:Polygonum fagopyrum
English Name:almindelig boghvede,bokkveite, bokvete, bovete, Buchweizen, buck wheat, buckwheat, echter Buchweizen, fagopir
The Buckwheat is not really a native plant, and when found apparently wild in this country, it is only on cultivated land, where it is grown as food for pheasants, which are very partial to it. One of its local names, 'French Wheat,' points to then recognition of the fact that it is a foreign grain.
It is a native of Central Asia, cultivated in China and other Eastern countries as a bread-corn and was first brought to Europe from Asia by the Crusaders, and hence in France is called 'Saracen Corn.'
Bulbus Lilii:Latin Name:Bulbus Lilii
English Name:Lily Bulb,Bulbus Lilii Brownii, L. Pumilum, L. Lancifolium
This herb is thepulpy bulb of Lilium brownii F.E.Brown vat.viridulum Baker orLilium pumilum D.C.(family Liliaceae).It is washed clean after being dug out in autumn, slightly sca-lded in boiling water, dried in the sun, and used unprepared or stir- baked with honey.
Elongated elliptical, 2~5cm long, 1~2cm wide, 3~4mm thick at middle. Externally whitish, pale brownish-yellow or purplish, with several longitudinal and paralled white vascular bundles. Apex somewhat acute, base relatively broad, margins thin, undulate, slightly curved inwards. Texture hard and fragile, fracture relatively even, horny. Odorless; taste, slightly bitter.
(also called burghul, bourgouri, pourgouri):Parboiled and then dried wheat which has been coarsely cracked. It is reconstituted when allowed to soak in water.
Butea monosperma:Latin Name:Butea monosperma / B.frondosa
English Name:Butea Gum Tree
Sanskrit / Indian Names:Palasa
A deciduous tree with a crooked trunk and bright orange-red flowers.
The bark exudes a red juice that dries to form the Butea gum. The gum contains leucocyanidin, tetramer, procyanidin, gallic acid and mucilaginous material.
The gum is a powerful astringent; it is given internally for diarrhea, dysentery, phthisis and hemorrhage of the stomach and bladder.
Butea parviflora Roxb:Latin Name:Butea parviflora Roxb
English Name:Climbing Butea
Sanskrit / Indian Names:Palashabheda
It is a large woody liane with large trifoliate leaves, white or cream colored flowers and single seeded fruits found throughout India.Roots contains rotenone.
Butternut squash:Name:butternut squash
A bulbous, pear shaped, pale yellow, winter squash "Cucurbita maxima" with orange flesh, common in the USA; the flesh is used as a vegetable or for savory dishes.
A small immature mushroom in which the gills are not visible.This small mushroom is very tasty and a lot of people like to cook it.
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