Online Glossary edited with meticulous attitude and published as convenience for site content reference,including glossaries of related different topics,Glossary Recipes are dedicated to ancient recipes and spices.The earliest known recipes date from approximately 1600 BC and come from an Akkadian tablet from southern Babylonia!
A spice is a dried seed, fruit, root, bark, leaf, or vegetative substance used in nutritionally insignificant quantities as a food additive for the purpose of flavour, colour, or as a preservative that kills harmful bacteria or prevents their growth.Spices, however, are dried and often ground or grated into a powder.
Many of these substances are also used for other purposes, such as medicine, religious rituals, cosmetics, perfumery or eating as vegetables. For example, turmeric is also used as a preservative; liquorice as a medicine; garlic as a vegetable. In some cases they are referred to by different terms.
Contents: Daikon |Dandelion | Date | Dorado | Dragonet | Datura Stramonium |Dill | Dan Shen | Dendranthema Flower | Dodder Seed | Dwarf Lilyturf Tuber |Divaricata Saposhnikovia Root | Dogwood Fruit | Dragon's Blood | Datura metel | Daucus carota |Didymocarpus pedicellata | Dugdhapashana |
A shorter and rounder variety of mooli (radish) used in the same way.
Dandelion:Botanical Name:Taraxacum officinale
Common Names:Blowball,Cankerwort,Lion's Tooth,Priest's Crown,Swine's Snout,White Endive,Wild Endive
A common European wild plant Taraxacum officinale. The young and/or garden blanched leaves are used in salads and the ground and roasted roots are used to make a coffee substitute.
The fruit of the date palm Phoenix dactyilifera with a yellow skin and brown sweet flesh enclosing a single elongated stone, the whole about 4 cm by 2 cm, which grow in clusters arranged in two rows along a central stalk. Usually traded in the dried form, which is sweet and sticky. Popular at Christmas in Europe as a snack and also used to sweeten and flavor cakes.
A fine, delicious, rather fat, large fish with a silver hue and blue and gold iridescence. Around the eye area there is a line resembling a golden eyebrow and for this reason it's also known as gilt-head bream. The head is rounded and the skin around the mouth area is shiny. A regular body of average width. The dorado can weigh up to 2.5 kilos and can be cooked in any number of ways.
Yellow with brown diagonal lines and a long, thin body. It weighs up to 600 grams. This fish is only eaten boiled. Its quills are poisonous. Its flavor is average.
Datura Stramonium:Botanical Name:Datura Stramonium
Common Name:DATURA, JIMSON WEED, STINK WEED, MAD APPLE, THORN APPLE STRAMONIUM, APPLE THORN, DHATURA TATULA, DATURA SEEDS
Uses : It is Narcotic, Anti spasmodic, Anodyne, Ache reliever. Helps in relieving the spasm of the Bronchitis in Asthma. It is used in treatment of Parkinsonism and Haemorrhoids. Young fruits are sedative and intoxicating. Leaves applied after roasting are useful in relieving pain.
Dill:Botanical Name:Anethum graveolens
helps eliminate gas in infants; tranquilizer; softens hardened stools.
Dan Shen:Botanical Name:Radix Salvia miltiorrhiza; Salvia miltiorrhiza B. (Salvia miltiorrhiza BUNGE,Labiatae,Tanshen)
English Name:Red-Rooted Salvia
Common Name:Dan Shen,chinese danshen,Red Sage,red sage root,Red-rooted Sage,Chinese sage,Red Ginseng,Tan-Shen,Tzu Tan-Ken(roots of purple sage),Hung Ken(red roots),Shu-Wei Ts'ao(rat-tail grass),Ch'ih Shen(scarlet sage),Pin-Ma Ts'ao(horse-racing grass).
Salvia(chinese danshen)here refers to the root of Salvia miltiorrhiza (Figure as following:Salvia Root,Radix Salvia miltiorrhiza), sometimes described as Chinese sage or red sage root. Any herb of the Salvia genus may be called sage, but most people are familiar with the common garden plant-and the common Western kitchen herb-obtained from Salvia officinalis. There are significant differences in medicinal components of the tops and roots of the Salvia plants that influence their uses. The Western sage leaves are used medicinally to treat dyspepsia and excessive perspiration. Salvia root (danshen,Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae),as employed in Chinese medicine and the subject of the rest of this article, is different in nature from the other sage herbs, despite the botanical relationship.
Dendranthema Flower:Botanical Name:Chryanthemum indicum L., C.boreale Mak., C Iavandulaefolium (Fisch.) Mak.
English Name:Dendranthema Flower,wild chrysanthemum flower,Indian Dendranthema Flower
Common Name:ye huang ju (wild yellow Chryanthemum);xian ye ju hua (young wild Chryanthemum);ye huang ju hua(wild yellow Chryanthemum);ku yi (bitter essence);shan ju hua(Mountain Chryanthemum);gan ju hua(Sweet Chryanthemum)
Chrysanthemums have dark green, deeply lobed and aromatic leaves with soft grey undersides. They come in a wide variety of flower shapes, sizes and colors, from dark burgundy, bronzes and oranges, to lavenders, light pastel pinks, and whites. The hundreds of cultivars of mums are classified by flower shape: pompons are double and ball shaped; reflexed are double with downward curving rays; spiders are double with long tubular, spreading rays; spoons are semidouble with spoon shaped rays; and there are several other shapes. All of the garden mums bloom in late summer or fall and many cultivars flower in spring as well. Plants may be low and spreading or may reach up to 5'
Dodder Seed:Botanical Name:Semen Cuscutae
English Name:Cuscuta chinensis Lam
Common Name:Cuscuta seed, Chinese Dodder seed
Active constituents of Dodder Seed:the active constituents in Dodder seed are thought to be a group of flavonoids. The seed is rich in quercetin and also contains cuscutin, astragalin, vitamin A, hyperosides and sterols.
Dwarf Lilyturf Tuber:Botanical Name:1. Ophiopogon japonicus (Thunb.) Ker-Gawl.; 2. Liriope spicata
English Name:Dwarf Lilyturf Tuber
Common Name:Ophiopogon root,Lilyturf root,mai men dong,Dwarf Mondo Grass,Dwarf Monkey Grass,Dwarf Lilyturf,Kioto
Mondo grass is an excellent ground cover for shady areas, and the dense mat of roots holds the ground well where runoff is a problem. It is widely used as a border around beds, and is good for edging walkways and defining beds. Dwarf varieties are excellent as a groundcover around shady pools or garden statues: its height will not compete with the feature, dark green will contrast better than a bright green grass, and it will require no mowing. It is also used as an evergreen in planters, mixed with seasonal annuals for color.
Divaricata Saposhnikovia Root:Botanical Name:Divaricata Saposhnikovia Root
English Name:Divaricata Saposhnikovia Root
Botanical source:Dry root of Saposhnikovia divaricata(Turcz.) Schischk.
Long conical or long cylindrical, gradually tapering towards the lower part, some slightly tortuous, 15~30cm long, 0.5~2cm in diameter. Externally grayish-brown, rugged, with longitudinal wrinkles, numerous transverse-elongated lenticels and dotted raised rootlet scars. Root stock with obvious dense annulations, some annulations marked by brown hair-like remains of leaf bases. Texture light, easily broken, fracture uneven, bark brownish and cracked, wood yellowish. Odour, characteristic; taste, sweetish.
Dogwood Fruit:Botanical Name:Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc.
English Name:Fructus Corni,Cornus Officinalis
Common Name:Cornus fruit, Dogwood fruit,Asiatic Cornelian Cherry Fruit,Asiatic Dogwood
Dogwoods got their name from the Middle Ages when the wood was used as skewers or "dogs." But, today these plants are widely used in landscapes for their beautiful flowers, showy fruit, winter color and attractive foliage. Birds relish the fruit and often eat every last one off a plant as soon as they're ripe. There are 17 species of dogwood native to North America and they range in size from small to large shrubs and small trees. Dogwood berries are eaten by over 98 species of birds! These include: bluebirds, brown thrashers, cardinals, cedar waxwings, flickers, gray catbird, mockingbirds, robins, song sparrows, thrushes, vireos and woodpeckers.
Dragon's Blood:Botanical Name:Daemomorops draco (BLUME),Daemonorops draco Bl., Dracaena spp.
English Name:Dragon's Blood
Common Name:Dragon's Blood,Calamus gum,Calamus Draco. Draconis Resina. Sanguis draconis. Dragon's Blood Palm. Blume,Blood, Blume, Dragon's Blood Palm,Calamus Draco, Draconis Resina,Danguis Draconis,Draconis Resina, Dracorubin, Dragons Blood, Dragon's-Blood Palm, Sanguis Draconis, Xue Jie,qi ling jie,xue li hua,Daemonorops draco, synonym Calamus draco.
Dragon's Blood, as known in commerce, has several origins, the substance so named being contributed by widely differing species. Probably the best known is that from Sumatra. Daemomorops Draco formerly known as Calamus Draco, was transferred with many others of the species to Daemomorops, the chief distinguishing mark being the placing of the flowers along the branches instead of their being gathered into catkins, as in those remaining under Calamus.
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Dashamoola
Dashamoola is a composition of the roots of Aegle marmelos,Gmelina arborea,Oroxylum indicum,Clerodendrum phlomidis,Stereospermum chelonoides,Desmodium gangeticum,Uraria picta,Solanum indicum,Solanum surattense and Tribulus terrestris.
It is an anti-inflammatory and effective in bronchitis, cough, headache, weakness, drowsiness and digestive problems.
Datura metel:Botanical Name:Datura metel
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Dhatura
A sub-glabrous spreading herb sometimes becoming shrubby.The fresh leaves contain ferredoxin, and the withanolide datumetelin along with the withanolide daturilin. The leaves also yielded withametelin B, secowithametelin, a hexacyclic withanolide, 12-deoxy withastramonolide,physalinliconol, datumetixone and p-methoxybenzoyl ester of tropine. It has anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic and analgesic properties.
Daucus carota:Botanical Name:Daucus carota
English Name:Cultivated Carrot
Common Name:Shikha-mula, Garijara
An annual or biennial herb, with an erect, much-branched stem, arising from a thick, fleshy taproot.
Carrot is valued as food mainly because it is a rich source of the fat-soluble hydrocarbon, C40H56, the ß form of which is the precursor of vitamin A. Carrots contain a variety of carotenoids that are responsible for the typical colors of the root. The main pigments of orange carrot are a- and ß-carotene. The seed oil has a sweet anise like odor and the main components identified were ß-bisabolene, Cis and trans -asarene, asarone aldehyde and phenolic compounds such as eugenol 2-hydroxy-4-methoxyacetophenone and vanillin.
Carrot seeds are aromatic, stimulant and carminative. They are reported to be useful in diseases of the kidney and in dropsy. The seeds are reported to exhibit anti-fertility activity. The ethanolic extracts of seeds showed diuretic activity. The essential oil from leaves and seeds showed antifungal activity, used as a sunscreen and fragrance component in soaps, creams and lotions. The aqueous extract of carrot showed hepatoprotective activity.
Didymocarpus pedicellata:Botanical Name:Didymocarpus pedicellata
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Shilapushpa
A small herb with a reduced stem, bearing 2-3 pairs of opposite, round, gland dotted leaves.
The essential oil from the leaves contains didymocarpene as its chief constituent. The leaves are used in indigenous medicine as a cure for stones in the kidney and bladder.
Dugdhapashana:Sanskrit / Indian Name:Dugdhapashana
Chemical Names:Soft Stone / Magnesium Silicate
It is astringent and styptic and useful in gastrointestinal disorders.
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