Online Glossary edited with meticulous attitude and published as convenience for site content reference,including glossaries of related different topics,Glossary Recipes are dedicated to ancient recipes and spices.The earliest known recipes date from approximately 1600 BC and come from an Akkadian tablet from southern Babylonia!
A spice is a dried seed, fruit, root, bark, leaf, or vegetative substance used in nutritionally insignificant quantities as a food additive for the purpose of flavour, colour, or as a preservative that kills harmful bacteria or prevents their growth.Spices, however, are dried and often ground or grated into a powder.
Many of these substances are also used for other purposes, such as medicine, religious rituals, cosmetics, perfumery or eating as vegetables. For example, turmeric is also used as a preservative; liquorice as a medicine; garlic as a vegetable. In some cases they are referred to by different terms.
Contents: Habanero chilli |Haricot bean | Harissa | Hazelnut | Holland chile | Horsetail |Horse chestnut | Herba Cistanche | Hoodia gordonii Sweet | Humulus Lupulus | Honeysuckle flower |Hajrul yahood bhasma | Hedychium spicatum | Helianthus annus | Hemidesmus indicus | Hibiscus rosa-sinensis |Holarrhena antidysenterica | Hygrophilia auriculata | Hyoscyamus niger | Hyssopus officinalis | Henna | Hyocyamus Niger |
Habanero chilli:Botanical Name:habanero chilli
An extremely hot, lantern-shaped chilli from the Caribbean, with a color varying from green to red looking rather like a small sweet pepper.
Haricot bean:Botanical Name:haricot bean
The shelled and dried mature French bean usually white, about 8 to 10 mm long and oval shaped. Sometimes coloured. Used extensively in Western cooking. The name is derived from the Aztec ayecotl: see also French bean (also called dry shell bean (USA)).
Harissa:A hot chilli sauce made from softened, deseeded red chillis, garlic, salt, caraway seeds, cumin seeds and dried mint leaves blended to a paste with olive oil. Some versions contain many more spices.
A thick-shelled nut from the European or North American hazel tree "Corylus avellana" with an outer husk that does not completely cover the nut. The nuts are small (to 1 cm) and pointed, with a firmly attached skin which is loosened by roasting or blanching. They have a distinctive flavor and are used in cooking, confectionery and as a dessert nut.
Holland chile:Botanical Name:holland chile
These popular chiles have a good amount of heat and rich flavor. Also called Dutch chile.
Horsetail:Botanical Name:Equisetum Arvense
English Name:Equisetum arvense (L) ,Equisetum arvense
Pharmacopeial Name:Equiseti herba
Common Name:Common horsetail,bottlebrush, field horsetail, shave grass, shavetail grass
The Ancient Greeks used horsetail in the treatment of wounds and the Romans used it as a vegetable, an animal feed and a medicine. Culpeper said it was 'very powerful to stop bleeding, either inward or outward, and eases the swelling, heat, and inflammation of the fundamental, or privy parts, in men and women.' The Chinese use E.hiemale, or mu zei, to cool fevers and as a remedy for eye inflammations such as conjunctivitis and corneal disorders, dysentery, flu, swellings and haemorrhoids. Recent research in Russia has apparently demonstrated that horsetail is effective in removing lead accumulations in the body. The dried stems may be used as a metal polish, hence the common name pewterwort.
Horse chestnut:Botanical Name:Asculus hippocastanum ,Aesculus hippocastanum ,Hippocastanaceae
English Name:Horse chestnut
Common Name:Hippocastanum vulgare
The name aesculus (from esca, food) was applied originally to a species of oak, which according to Pliny, was highly prized for its acorns, but how it came to be transferred to the Horse Chestnut is very uncertain; perhaps, as Loudon suggests, it was given ironically, because its nuts bear a great resemblance, externally, to those of the Sweet Chestnut, but are unfit for food. Hippocastanum (the specific name of the common sort) is a translation of the common name, which was given - Evelyn tells us - 'from its curing horses brokenwinded and other cattle of coughs.' Some writers think that the prefix 'horse' is a corruption of the Welsh gwres, meaning hot, fierce, or pungent, e.g. 'Horse-chestnut' = the bitter chestnut, in opposition to the mild, sweet one.
Herba Cistanche:Botanical Name:Cistanche Salsa(C.A. Mey)G. Beck,Cistanche deserticola Y.C. Ma
English Name:Herba Cistanchis
Common Name:Cistanche(Rou Cong Rong),Desertliving Cistanche(Herba Cistachis),Broomrape, fleshy stem,Cistanches Deserticola Herba,Cistanche Salsa
Interesting facts of Cistanches (Herba Cistanche):Cistanche is used to replenish blood and Kidney-Jin in Chinese Medicine. It is to use for impotence and disturbance of menstruation. Since the characteristic of this herb is warm (not hot), blend and sweet, thus it does not give a strong action. That why it has a Chinese name "Cong Rong" means "easy to follow".
Hoodia gordonii Sweet:Botanical Name:Succulent Asclepiad Trichocaulon Hoodia Gordonii
English Name:Hoodia gordonii Sweet
Common Name:Hoodia(Who Dee a),Miracle Cactus,Hoodia Cactus Gordonii,Hoodia Gordonii,the Carrion Flower (Hoodia).
Hoodia is a succulent in the family Asclepiadaceae. It forms multi-stemmed clumps 45cm (18in) high and bears unpleasant-smelling, pale purple disc-shaped flowers 7.5-10cm (3-4in) in diameter.First found in semi-arid areas of South Africa. The San people, formerly known as bushmen, of the Kalahari eat the bitter-tasting plant to suppress their appetite and thirst when on long hunting expeditions.
Humulus Lupulus:Botanical Name:Humulus Lupulus (LINN.)
English Name:Humulus lupulus L.
Common Name:common hop,hop
Hops (Humulus lupulus L.) are commercially important as an essential flavoring in beer. Glands on the hop cone contain many unique compounds, making the chemistry of the hop plant extremely complex. The compounds most important to the brewing industry are the bitter acids, which give beer its characteristically bitter flavor, and the essential oils, which give beer its "hoppy" aroma.
Honeysuckle flower:Botanical Name:Dry flower. 1. Lonicera japonica Thunb. L.; 2. Lonicera hypoglauca Miq.; 3. Lonicera confusa DC.; 4. Lonicera dsystyla Rehd.
English Name:Honeysuckle flower,Lonicera flower
Common Name:Jin Yin Hua
Honeysuckle is a large genus, Lonicera, of more than 150 species of evergreen or deciduous shrubs or vines in the honeysuckle family, Caprifoliaceae, that are widespread in the Northern Hemisphere. Species of honeysuckle are valued for their tubular and often fragrant flowers. Shrub forms are used frequently in landscape plantings, but honeysuckle can become a problem because of its rampant growth.
Hajrul yahood bhasma:English Name:Lime Silicate Calx
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Hajrul yahood bhasma / Badrashma bhasma
It is a fossilized stone primarily containing silicate of lime.It is used as a diuretic and lithontriptic. It is prescribed in the retention of urine and in diseases of the urinary organs. It has a useful application as a dusting powder in vesicular eruptions in children, for itching, ringworm and other skin diseases.
Hedychium spicatum:Botanical Name:Hedychium spicatum
English Name:Spiked Ginger Lily
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Gandhapalashi
It is a perennial errect rhizomatous herb with galbrous leaves and white flowers which are borne in dense terminal spikes. The rhizomes are aromatic with bitter camphorous taste. It is reproted for its anti-microbial properties and used traditionally as one of the ingredient in herbal vanising creams to protect the skin from sun's UV rays.
Helianthus annus:Botanical Name:Helianthus annus
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Adityabhakta
It is an annual herb cultivated throughout India for its oily seeds. The herb is long reaches up to 15 m in high and the flower heads are bigger measures 30-60 cm across. The achenes are cylindrical and compressed. Oil has soothing properties.
Hemidesmus indicus:Botanical Name:Hemidesmus indicus
English Name:Indian Sarsaparilla
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Anantamul, Sariva
A slender, laticiferous, twining, sometimes prostrate or semi-erect shrub, the roots of which constitute the Indian sarsaparilla.
The air-dried roots yield essential oil containing p -methoxy salicylic aldehyde as the major constituent. The drug has long enjoyed a reputation as a tonic, alterative, demulcent, diaphoretic, diuretic and blood purifier. It is employed in nutritional disorders, syphilis, gonorrhea,chronic rheumatism, gravel and other urinary diseases and skin affections.
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis:Botanical Name:Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Japapushpa
It is an evergreen shrub with bright green leaves and solitary, bell-shaped dark red-colored flowers. These flowers were traditionally used to wash hair.
Holarrhena antidysenterica:Botanical Name:Holarrhena antidysenterica
English Name:Coneru, Tellicherry Bark
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Kutaja, Vatsaka
Holarrhena antidysenterica is a deciduous laticiferous shrub or a small tree.
Its principal constituent is the alkaloid of kurchi which is conessine.The other alkaloids reported to be present in the bark are: conamine,conkurchine, connessimine, kurchine, conarrhinine, holarrhinene,and isoconcessimine. The bark has astringent, antidysenteric, anthelmintic,stomachic, febrifugal and tonic properties. It is used in the treatment of amebic dysentery and diarrhea.
Hygrophila auriculata:Botanical Name:Hygrophila auriculata / Asteracantha longifolia
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Kokilaksha
Hygrophilia auriculata is a robust, erect, annual herb, with sub-quadrangular stem, thickened at nodes and yellow spines in leaf axis.It is used in disorders of the genitourinary system and is helpful in the cases of impotence, spermatorrhea and seminal debilities.
Hyoscyamus niger:Botanical Name:Hyoscyamus niger
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Parasika yavani
An erect, viscidly hairy, fetid annual or biennial.The dried leaves and flowering tops constitute the drug Henbane (Hyoscyamus, Hyoscyami herba). Henbane is valued principally for the alkaloids present in most parts of the plant, particularly in the leaves and flowering tops. Besides the alkaloids, it contains volatile base similar to those present in belladonna leaf, a bitter glycoside hyoscypicrin, choline, mucilage and albumin; it is rich in potassium salts.
Hyoscyamus has anodyne, narcotic, mydriatic and anti-inflammatory properties. It is principally employed as a sedative in nervous affections. Hyoscyamus leaves have been employed externally to relieve pain.
Hyssopus officinalis:Botanical Name:Hyssopus officinalis
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Jufa
An aromatic, shrubby perennial which yields a volatile oil.Hyssop is considered stimulant, carminative and pectoral; the oil promotes expectoration in bronchial catarrh and asthma.
Henna:Botanical Name:LAWSONIA INERMIS
Common Name:HENNA, AL-KHANNA, AL-HENNA, JAMAICA MIGNONETTE, MEHNDI, MENDEE, EGYPTIAN PRIVET, SMOOTH LAWSONIA
Scarcely in dry decidious forests, widely cultivated as a hedge plant.
Hyocyamus Niger:Botanical Name:Hyocyamus Niger
Common Name:HENBANE, NIGER SEED, BIRD FEED, BLACK HENBANE, COMMON HENBANE
Uses :It is widely used as a nutritious Bird feed. Gastric, or intestinal cramps, diarhhoea, neuralgia, cough hysteria, manis, skin inflammation and boils.Niger seeds has anodyne, narcotic and mydriatic properties, employed as a sedative in nervous infections. In veterinary practice used as urnary sedative.
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