Online Glossary edited with meticulous attitude and published as convenience for site content reference,including glossaries of related different topics,Glossary Recipes are dedicated to ancient recipes and spices.The earliest known recipes date from approximately 1600 BC and come from an Akkadian tablet from southern Babylonia!
A spice is a dried seed, fruit, root, bark, leaf, or vegetative substance used in nutritionally insignificant quantities as a food additive for the purpose of flavour, colour, or as a preservative that kills harmful bacteria or prevents their growth.Spices, however, are dried and often ground or grated into a powder.
Many of these substances are also used for other purposes, such as medicine, religious rituals, cosmetics, perfumery or eating as vegetables. For example, turmeric is also used as a preservative; liquorice as a medicine; garlic as a vegetable. In some cases they are referred to by different terms.
Contents: Napa cabbage | Nettle | New potatoes | Nigella | Nopales | Nutmeg geranium | Nettle | Nagapashana bhasma | Nardostachys jatamansi | Navasagara | Nepeta hindostana | Nerium odorum | Nigella sativa | Nelumbo Nucifera | Nymphaea Lotus |
Napa cabbage:Botanical Name:napa cabbage
The large, generally close packed, very pale to green heads of an oriental brassica Brassica rapa var. pekinensis but loose-leaved varieties are available. Grown widely, they originated in China, have a mild flavour and are often pickled. Used in stir fries (also called Chinese cabbage,Korean cabbage, celery cabbage).
A wild plant "Urtica dioica", which grows in clusters on well manured ground with leaves that sting the exposed skin. The young leaves may be used as spinach or to make soup and lose their stinging capacity on boiling.
New potatoes:Botanical Name:new potatoes
The small black seeds of an annual plant "Nigella sativa" related to love-in-a-mist and resembling onion seeds. They have a delicate, slightly peppery flavor and are used in Indian spice mixtures and to flavor bread in India and the Middle East. Not to be confused with black cumin.
(Sp) The young leaves of the prickly pear cactus Opuntia vulgaris which are always sold skinned, trimmed and chopped and are used after cooking in stews and salads. Common in Mexico and southern USA (also called nopalitos).
Nutmeg geranium:Botanical Name:nutmeg geranium
Arbaroriza,Albaroza, (French = pelargonium, geranium odorant; English = nutmeg geranium), its a seasoning belonging to the family of the geranium. An excellent flavouring for sweets with fruit, and especially quinces. It is also used in cooking (those with lemon flavour).
Nagapashana bhasma:Sanskrit / Indian Name:Nagapashana bhasma / Zahar mohra bhasma / Jaharmohra
English Name:Calx Serpentine
It is processed serpentine, or magnesium silicate. It is a nervine, cardiac and liver tonic, useful in palpitation and cardio-muscular debility. It also reduces irritability and tetany, and relieves muscle cramps.
Nardostachys jatamansi:Botanical Name:Nardostachys jatamansi
English Name:Musk Root
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Jatamansi
Nardostachys jatamansi is an erect and perennial herb.
Its principal constituents are jatamansone, jatamanshic acid and virolin. It has analgesic and stimulant properties. The oil possesses antiarrhythmic and hypotensive activity. It promotes hair growth and imparts a black color to the hair.
Jatamansone, an active principle of N. jatamansi, brings forth a significant reduction in hyperactivity, restlessness and aggressiveness in hyperactive children.
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Navasagara, Navasara
English Name:Ammonii Chloridum
It is alterative, expectorant, cholagogue and purgative. It is useful in fever, liver and spleen disorders, etc.
Nepeta hindostana:Botanical Name:Nepeta hindostana
English Name:Cal Mint
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Billilotan, Badranj boya
An erect or ascending herb, with blue purple flowers.
The main constituent of the plant is a triterpenoid aldehyde nepehinal. Other terpenoids found in it include nepetidone, nepedinol, and triterpenic acid. The plant is used in various cardiovascular complaints such as angina pectoris, cardiac thrombosis, trachycardia, and weakness of the heart. Some of its other uses are in cardiac asthma, syncope,pyrexia and anxiety.
Nerium odorum:Botanical Name:Nerium odorum / N. indicum
English Name:Sweet-Scented Oleander
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Karavira
A large evergreen shrub with milky juice, frequently grown in gardens for its fragrant showy flowers.
The active principle of the leaves is a cardiotonic substance named oleandrin. It has anti-inflammatory and stimulant properties. The roots, bark and seeds contain cardio-active glycosides, formerly designated as neriodorin, neriodorein and karabin, which are anti-inflammatory and stimulant, good pain relievers.
A paste of the root is used as an external application in hemorrhoids,chancres and ulcerations. An oil extracted from the root bark is used in skin diseases of a scaly nature. The fresh juice of leaves is dropped into the eyes for inducing lachrymation in ophthalmia.
Nigella sativa:Botanical Name:Nigella sativa
English Name:Small Fennel, Black Cumin
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Kalonji, Kalajira, Kalajaji,Mugrela, Upakuncika
A small herb. The seeds give on steam-distillation a yellowish brown volatile oil with an unpleasant odor. The oil contains carvone, d-limonene, and a carbonyl compound, nigellone.
Preliminary clinical trials indicate its possible therapeutic use in some conditions of cough and bronchial asthma. The alcoholic extract of the seeds is reported to prevent dental caries. It contains nourishing amino acids such as cysteine, lysine, valine and leucine.The seed oil showed antibacterial, insecticidal, bronchiodilatory,hypotensive, and immunostimulant activities. The seed contains saponins which have good cleansing properties. The oil also exhibited CNS depressant and potent analgesic effects on experimental animals.Intraperitoneal administration of the oil of black cumin seeds (50mg/kg) to fasting normal and alloxan diabetic rabbits produced significant hypoglycemic effects.
Nelumbo Nucifera:Botanical Name:Nelumbo Nucifera
English Name:SACRED WATER LOTUS, SACRED WATER LILLY, PINK LOTUS, NELUMBO LUTEA
Plant Part Used:Lotus flower petals, Lotus seeds, Lotus leaves, Lotus roots
Uses :The lotus is one of the world's most celebrated flowers. From time immemorial to the present day, it has always been in folklore, religion and the arts in one form or the other. Apart from its majestic beauty, the Lotus is held sacred because of the mystical effects it can produce.
The ripe seeds produce a wholesome effect in cases of Neurathenia, spermatorrhea, and metrorthoea. The leaves are the seed cores in decoction are effective of insomnia and haemorrhage and haemotemesis.
The flowers, seeds, young leaves and rhizomes are edible, while the big leaves, 2 feet in diameter, are used to wrap food in. Plant's rhizomes are a source of lotus meal which is rich in starch. It was often smoked or made into a tea with the idea that it would create a feeling of joy that permeated the mind and body.
The stamens (The male reproductive organ of a flower) can be dried and made into a fragrant herbal tea (Tea-like drink made of leaves of various herbs). The seeds or nuts are quite versatile, and can be eaten raw or dried and popped like popcorn (Small kernels of corn exploded by heat). They can also be boiled down until soft and made into a paste. Combined with sugar, lotus seed paste is a common ingredient in pastries such as mooncakes, daifuku and (Grains used as food either unpolished or more often polished) rice (Fine powdery foodstuff obtained by grinding and sifting the meal of a cereal grain) flour (Any of various soft sweet desserts thickened usually with flour and baked or boiled or steamed) pudding.
Nymphaea Lotus:Botanical Name:NYMPHAEA LOTUS, NYMPHAEA NOUCHALI
Part Used:Flowers, roots, leaves, stem
Common Name:WHITE LOTUS, WHITE WATER LILLY
Uses :The rhizomes is cooling, sweet, bitter and tonic and is useful in Diarrhoea, dysentery, dipsia and generl debility. The flowers are astringetn and cardiotonic. The seeds are sweet, cooling, constipating, aphrodisiac, stomachic and restorative.It has found uses both as a culinary delight and starchy food staple as well as being used internally as a treatment for gastrointestinal disorders and jaundice.
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