Online Glossary edited with meticulous attitude and published as convenience for site content reference,including glossaries of related different topics,Glossary Recipes are dedicated to ancient recipes and spices.The earliest known recipes date from approximately 1600 BC and come from an Akkadian tablet from southern Babylonia!
A spice is a dried seed, fruit, root, bark, leaf, or vegetative substance used in nutritionally insignificant quantities as a food additive for the purpose of flavour, colour, or as a preservative that kills harmful bacteria or prevents their growth.Spices, however, are dried and often ground or grated into a powder.
Many of these substances are also used for other purposes, such as medicine, religious rituals, cosmetics, perfumery or eating as vegetables. For example, turmeric is also used as a preservative; liquorice as a medicine; garlic as a vegetable. In some cases they are referred to by different terms.
Quince:Botanical Name:Cydonia oblonga
The apple or pear-shapped fruit of a temperate climate bush "Cydonia oblonga" with a green skin that turns to gold when ripe and is covered by a greyish-whitish down. The ripe flesh is sweet, juicy and yellow with a pronounced scent and is always cooked. Used as apples or made into jam without the need of added pectin. They originated in western Asia but are now grown worldwide esp. in Uruguay.
Quercus infectoria:Botanical Name:Quercus infectoria
English Name:Downy Oak, Gall Nut, Oak Gall Tree
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Mayakku / Mayaphala
Quercus infectoria is a small tree or shrub with glabrescent leaves,with spiny teeth. This oak tree prefers partial shade or partial sun to full sun, and requires moist soil.
The gall nuts of commerce are produced by insects of the genes (Cynips) chiefly with the Quercus infectoria oak of western Asia and Southern Europe.
The galls contain tannic acid (gallo-tannic acid) as the principal constituent (50-70%). The tannic and gallic acids extracted from the galls are often used in dysentery and diarrhea. They are a powerful astringent, used to check diarrhea.
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