Online Glossary edited with meticulous attitude and published as convenience for site content reference,including glossaries of related different topics,Glossary Recipes are dedicated to ancient recipes and spices.The earliest known recipes date from approximately 1600 BC and come from an Akkadian tablet from southern Babylonia!
A spice is a dried seed, fruit, root, bark, leaf, or vegetative substance used in nutritionally insignificant quantities as a food additive for the purpose of flavour, colour, or as a preservative that kills harmful bacteria or prevents their growth.Spices, however, are dried and often ground or grated into a powder.
Many of these substances are also used for other purposes, such as medicine, religious rituals, cosmetics, perfumery or eating as vegetables. For example, turmeric is also used as a preservative; liquorice as a medicine; garlic as a vegetable. In some cases they are referred to by different terms.
Contents: Valeriana officinalis | Vitex agnus-castus | Vaikranta bhasma | Valeriana jatamansi | Vanda roxburghii | Vang bhasma | Varatika bhasma | Vernonia cinerea | Vetiveria zizanioides | Vidangadi lauham | Viola odorata | Vitex negundo | Vitis vinifera | Vinca Rosea |
Valeriana officinalis:Botanical Name:Valeriana officinalis
English Name:Valerian Root
Common Name:All-heal, Amantilla,Great Valerian,Valeriana,Setwall/Set-Wall, Setewale, Capon Tail, Heliotrope, Vandal Root, All-heal,Blessed Herb,Capon's Tail,English Valerian,Garden Heliotrope,German Valerian,Great Wild Valerian,Heliotrope,Setwall,Tagara,Valerian,Vandalroot,Vermont Valerian,Wild Valerian.
Vitex agnus-castus:Botanical Name:Vitex trifolia L.var.simplicifolia Cham; or Vitex trifolia L.
English Name:Vitex agnus-castus L.
Common Name:Chaste Berry, Vitex, Chasteberry, Monk's pepper, Cloister pepper, Agnus Castus, Man jing zi,Agnus Castus, Cloister Pepper, Monk's Berry, Monk's Pepper, Vitex, Vitex agnus-castus.
As you may have guessed, chasteberry got its name in a different time and place! Women alleged to be a little hot under the bonnet were cooled down by the use of chasteberry tea. Fear not, chasteberry will not turn you into a female eunuch. This archaic use does hint, however, at what chasteberry does do for women: it balances their hormonal system.
Vaikranta bhasma:Sanskrit / Indian Name:Vaikranta bhasma
Chemical Name:Calcium fluoride
Calcium fluoride (CaF2) theoretically contains 51.1 per cent calcium and 48.9 per cent fluorine, where the quality and quantity of fluorite is commercial use strength. It is referred to as fluorspar. It has important therapeutic value when used as a trace element. This natural form of fluoride is useful in arthritis and 'splints', helps to break up exostoses and indurated glands, and also strengthens teeth and prolapsed muscle and veins, to re-establish elasticity.
Valeriana jatamansi:Botanical Name:Valeriana jatamansi / V. wallichii
English Name:Indian Valerian
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Tagara
A slightly hairy, tufted herb with thick horizontal rootstocks that contains a sweet smelling essential oil.
Indian valerian is prescribed as a remedy for hysteria, hypochondria,nervous unrest and emotional troubles. It is also used as a carminative and forms an ingredient of a number of ayurvedic recipes. The drug contains a group of iridoid or monoterpenic derivatives, known as valepotriates which are useful as tranquilizers and sedatives. An iridoid ester glycoside designated as valerosidatum (isovaleryl glucoside) has also been isolated. The essential oil of the root and rhizome is having antibacterial property.
Vanda roxburghii:Botanical Name:Vanda roxburghii / V. tessellata
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Rasna
An epiphytic orchid. The dried herb was found to contain an active-constituent of glucosidic nature. It has anti-inflammatory property. The herb also contains a bitter principle, tannins, resin, saponin, ß-sitosterol,g-sitosterol, fatty oil and coloring-matter.
The leaves are pounded and the paste is applied to the body to bring down fever; their juice is dropped in the ear for the treatment of otitis and other inflammatory conditions. The roots are used in dyspepsia, bronchitis rheumatism, and also in fever; they are reported to possess antibacterial and antitubercular properties. The roots enter into the preparation of medicated oils, used externally in rheumatism and nervous troubles. The herb is also used for sciatica.
Vang bhasma:Sanskrit / Indian Name:Vang bhasma
English Name:Tin Calx
It is prepared from tin metal and has a wide range of therapeutic uses with special reference to the diseases of the genito-urinary tract. It is effective against a wide range of organisms in the urinary tract and thus, is of great clinical usefulness and efficacy in urinary tract infections of various origins. It improves digestion,is useful in wasting diseases and cures all pramehas (A prameha is a urinary tract disease characterized by polyurea and turbid urine).
Varatika:Sanskrit / Indian Name:Varatika / Varatika bhasma / Cowrie bhasma
English Name:Cowrie Shell Calx / Cowry Shell Ash
It is prepared from the shells of Cyprea moneta called cowrie shells and is well known for its antacid and digestive properties. It is useful in the treatment of gastritis, duodenitis and otorrhea.
Vernonia cinerea:Botanical Name:Vernonia cinerea
English Name:Purple Fleabane
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Sahadevi
An erect, rarely decumbent herb, with purple flowers.The seeds yield a fatty oil and are used as an anthelmintic and alexipharmic; they are said to be quite effective against roundworms and threadworms. They are also given for coughs, flatulence, intestinal colic and dysuria and for leucoderma, psoriasis and other chronic skin-diseases. The seeds are made into a paste with lime juice and used for destroying pediculi.
Vetiveria zizanioides:Botanical Name:Vetiveria zizanioides
English Name:Vetiver, Khas-Khas,Khus-Khus
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Ushira, Reshira, Sugandhimula
A densely tufted grass.
The commercial oil of Vetiver is obtained by distillation of fresh or air-dried roots. The oil contains both cadinane and eudesmane sesquiterpenes of the unusual antipodal configuration; these include khusol, khusinol, khusitone, (-)g2-cadinene, and levojuneol. Another characteristic feature of this type is the presence of the large amount of levorotatory khusilal (a rare C14-class of terpenoid) which is in fact responsible for the strong levorotation of this oil; this compound is absent in the typical dextrorotatory oils.The constituents of the typical dextrorotatory oils (Haiti, Reunion,Java and South India) are largely nootkatane.
The oil is reported to be used as a carminative in flatulence,colic and obstinate vomiting. It is regarded as a stimulant, diaphoretic,refrigerant, astringent and antibacterial and when applied externally,it removes excess heat from the body and gives a cooling effect.A decoction of the leaves is recommended as a diaphoretic.
Vidangadi lauham:Sanskrit / Indian Name:Vidangadi lauham
It is herbo-mineral powder consisting of: Embelia ribes, Cyperus rotundus, Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellirica, Emblica officinalis, Cedrus deodara,Piper longum, Piper chaba, Plumbago zeylanica, Zingiber officinalis,Piper nigrum and Iron calx.It is indicated in obesity, liver disorders, and anemia.
Viola odorata:Botanical Name:Viola odorata
English Name:Sweet Violet
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Neelapushpa
A glabrous or pubescent herb arising from a rootstock. The herb is well known in India for its medicinal virtues and has been in use since ancient times.
The herb is valued as an expectorant, diaphoretic, antipyretic and diuretic, and as a laxative in bilious affections. It is used for catarrh and pulmonary troubles and for calculous affections.Also used as a remedy for coughs and sore throat, hoarseness, and ailments of infants. The flowers contain violin and the leaves contain an essential oil, an alkaloid, coloring matter, friedelin, ß-sitosterol and a straight-chain alcohol.
Vitex negundo:Botanical Name:Vitex negundo
English Name:Five-Leaved Chaste Tree
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Nirgundi, Sephali
Vitex negundo is a large, aromatic shrub with quadrangular, densely whitish, tomentose branchlets.
Its principal constituents are casticin, isoorientin, chrysophenol D, luteolin, p hydroxybenzoic acid and D-fructose. The leaves possess discutient properties and are applied to rheumatic swellings of the joints and in sprains. It can be applied locally in rheumatic arthritis and sprains. The juice of the leaves is used for the treatment of fetid discharges. They show anti-inflammatory, antibacterial,antifungal and analgesic activities. It is useful in the treatment of superficial bruises, injuries, sores and skin infections.
Vitis vinifera:Botanical Name:Vitis vinifera
Sanskrit / Indian Name:Draksha
A large, deciduous climber climbing by means of tendrils.
Grapes are a good source of bioflavonoids (vitamin P), which are known to be useful in such conditions as purpura, capillary bleeding in diabetes, edema and inflammation from injury, radiation damage,and atherosclerosis. Catechins and anthocyanogenic tannins present in grapes possess bioflavonoid activity. Grapes are considered laxative,stomachic, diuretic, demulcent and cooling and are used as an astringent in throat infections.
Vinca Rosea:Botanical Name:Vinca Rosea
English Name:PERIWINKLE, MADAGASCAR PERIWINKLE, SADABAHAR
Habitat:Grows throughout India and found as an escape in waste places and sandy tracts.
Uses:Its alkaloids are Hypotensive, sedative and have tranquilising properties and are anti cancerous. It helps in relieving muscle pain, depression of central nervous system and wasps stings.
♥The electronic data information published at our official website www.mdidea.com and www.mdidea.net,gives online form of glossary edited with meticulous attitude and published as convenience for site content reference,including glossaries of related different topics:Glossary Recipes are dedicated to record and description of ancient recipes and spices.
♣ last edit date: