Brief History of Red Clover and its uses.
- Basic Botanical Information of Red clover.
- Brief History of Red Clover and its uses.
- Constituents and phytochemicals of Red clover.
- Traditional use of Red Clover,Female Tonic and Skin Remedy.
- Therapeutics and Pharmacology of Red Clover.
- Medicinal Uses and Indications of Red Clover.
- Photo Gallery of Trifolium pratense.
Botanical Description of Trifolium pratense:
Common herbal classics defined the Herb of Red Clover(Hong Che Zhou Cao) as the inflorescence and leaf twigs with the flower of the Fabaceae(Leguminosae) family plant species (1).Trifolium pratense L. This commonly used species is introduced as:
(1).Trifolium pratense L.: The Trifolium pratense L. is a plant of the Fabaceae(Leguminosae) family and Trifolium(Clover, or trefoil) genus, perennial herb, high 30-60cm. Stems erect or ramped, branched, sparsely white pilose. Leaves 3, sessile; leaf blade ovate to broadly elliptic, 2.5-4cm long, 1-2cm wide, apex obtuse, base rounded wedge-shaped, veins extend to the edge of the leaf margin, slightly protruding into a Clearly serrulate, abaxially long-haired; stipules ovate, apex acute, adnate to petiole, base amplexicaul. Inflorescences capitate, axillary, with large involucre, involucre ovoid, with transverse veins; calyx cuneate, calyx teeth 5, linear-lanceolate, the lowermost a calyx teeth longer, more than 1 times more than other teeth; Corolla butterfly, purple or purplish red, petals narrowly rhombic, wing lobe oblong, base with ears and claws, keel slightly shorter than the flap; ovary oval, style filiform, slender. Pod small, obovate, about 2mm, coated in the persistent calyx, pericarp membranous, with longitudinal veins. 1 seed, kidney-shaped, yellow-brown. Flowering and fruiting from May to September.
Ecosystem:The Trifolium pratense L. grows widely or cultivated in all provinces of China.Geographical distribution: This species mainly distributed in China northeast, north, and provinces Jiangsu, Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan, etc.
Brief History of Red Clover and its uses.:
Red Clover is also known by the names Meadow Trefoil, Cleaver Grass, Marl Grass, Sweet Clover, Wild Clover, Cow Clover, and Purple Clover.
Ancients called it Triphyllon, meaning "three leaves". This term also relates to the common name, Clover, which stems from "clava", meaning "three-leaved". The three leaves were said to correspond to the triad goddesses of Mythology, and later to the Trinity in Christianity.
Red Clover grows in West China, Europe and North America. The plant grows best where soils are rich in calcium, phosphorus, and potassium. The flowering tops are used medicinally.
In Europe, Red Clover is widely cultivated and used as a tonic and a salad herb. Red Clover is used by honey makers to add a mild, sweet taste to their honey. It serves as common fodder for domestic animals.
Herbalists have long prized this herb for its traditional use as a blood purifier, expelling toxins from the bloodstream.
According to the Doctrine of Signatures, the white crescentic markings on the leaflets of red clover were seen as a sign that the plant could be of benefit in the treatment of cataracts. The three-lobed leaves were associated with the Holy Trinity by medieval Christians. Although red clover is a native European plant, it was not until it became naturalized in North America and the Native Americans had discovered the medicinal properties that it was recognized as a medicine in Europe. The flowers were a popular anti-cancer remedy in the 1930s. Red clover is widely cultivated as animal fodder; the isoflavones are oestrogenic in animals which may ingest large quantities and it has a contraceptive effect on sheep.
Widely introduced and cultivated, it is a very important herb in regard to women's health. It is a sweet, cooling, alterative, phyto-estrogenic herb that relaxes spasms and has diuretic and expectorant effects. It is recommended for bronchitis, leprosy, and syphilis. It is used internally for skin complaints (especially for eczema and psoriasis), cancers of the breast, esophagus, ovaries and lymphatic system, chronic degenerative diseases, gout, whooping cough, and dry cough.
Clover tea, made from flowering tops, has been used to stimulate liver and gallbladder activity and is taken for constipation and sluggish appetite. A poultice of the plant can be used for athlete's foot and other skin problems.
Dried clover blossoms were put in with soups and stews, where they added vitamins and minerals and a hint of sweetness from their honey.
- What is Trifolium pratense, Red Clover?History, Phytochemicals, and Remedy Use of Red Clover Blossoms.
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