Difference between Ginsengs,and Botanical Description of Panax Ginseng.
- Botanical Identification and Information of Panax Ginseng.
- Difference between Ginsengs,and Botanical Description of Panax Ginseng.
- Overview and Tells of Panax ginseng.
- Herb Introduction and Character of Panax Ginseng Root,Other Substitutes of Panax Ginseng.
- Constituents and Phytochemicals of Panax Ginseng.
- Various Uses of Panax Ginseng.
- Therapeutics and Pharmacology of Panax Ginseng.
- The Trade War of Ginseng since recent modern period.
- How to use Panax Ginseng:Dosage,Administration Guide,Precautions and Combinations.
- Research Update:Panax ginseng and Ginsenoside
Difference between Ginsengs.
American Ginseng - Panax quinquefolium
Chinese Ginseng - Panax ginseng
Siberian Ginseng - Eleutherococcus senticosus
NOTE: Panax ginseng is different from American ginseng and Eleuthero (formerly Siberian ginseng). They are not interchangeable.
Ginseng refers to species within Panax, a genus of 11 species of slow-growing perennial plants with fleshy roots, in the family Araliaceae. They grow in the Northern Hemisphere in eastern Asia (mostly northern China,and eastern Siberia), typically in cooler climates; Panax vietnamensis, discovered in Vietnam, is the southernmost ginseng found. This article focuses on the Series Panax ginsengs, which are the adaptogenic herbs, principally Panax ginseng and Panax quinquefolius. Ginseng is characterized by the presence of ginsenosides.
The name panax is derived from Panacea, the Greek goddess able to 'heal all'. Ginseng has been used in China for over 5000 years. It was known to 9th century Arab physicians, Marco Polo was familiar with it and, when a delegation from the King of Siam visited Louis XIV, they presented him with a root of gintz-aen. The Chinese renshen means 'man root', named after the shape of its thick taproot, and those roots resembling the human form are highly prized, and the best grade roots are worth more than gold. Wild ginseng, particularly that from Manchuria, is considered the best.
Panax, the generic name, is derived from the Greek Panakos (a panacea), in reference to the miraculous virtue ascribed to it by the Chinese, who consider it a sovereign remedy in almost all diseases.
It was formerly supposed to be confined to Chinese Tartary, but now is known to be also a native of North America, from whence Sarrasin transmitted specimens to Paris in 1704.
Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus) is not a ginseng at all. It is another adaptogen, but a different species named "Siberian ginseng" as a marketing ploy; instead of a fleshy root, it has a woody root; instead of ginsenosides, eleutherosides are present
Botanical Description of Panax Ginseng.
The Asian ginseng grows to about 0.8 m by 0.7 m, while the American ginseng is smaller, and grows to about 0.3 m by 0.5 m at a slow rate. The ginseng plant requires 5-7 years to mature from seed. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs). The plant can grow in full shade (deep woodland) or semi-shade (light woodland). It requires moist soil.
The ginseng plant has leaves that grow in a circle around a straight stem. Yellowish-green umbrella-shaped flowers grow in the center and produce red berries. Wrinkles around the neck of the root tell how old the plant is. This is important because ginseng is not ready for use until it has grown for four to six years.
Ginseng root consists of the dried main and lateral root and root hairs of P. ginseng C.A. Meyer [Fam. Araliaceae] and their preparations in effective dosage. The root contains at least 1.5% ginsenosides, calculated as ginsenoside Rg1.
Panax is a perennial plant indigenous to the mountainous forests of the northern temperate zone of Eastern Asia and is cultivated in China and Korea. It has a thick, spindle-like brown-yellow root, often divided at the end. The simple glabrous stem bears a whorl of three or five palmately compound leaves consisting of five oblong-ovate, finely double-serrate leaflets. From June to August it is topped with a single umbel of greenish-yellow flowers. The fruit is a small edible drupe-like pale red berry. The activity of young cultivated roots is said to be up to half that of old roots grown in the wild. Commercially produced Panax is either grown as undergrowth in shady forests, or shaded by mats in the open. Two forms are available, - 'white' Ginseng (often with the outer skin peeled off) and 'red' ginseng, prepared by steaming the root before drying. Red ginseng contains all the saponins so far isolated from white ginseng, and others which are probably formed during the steaming process.
Ginseng has a sweetly aromatic flavour. The ginseng root has long been used as a valued tonic herb in China, called "root of heaven." The Chinese regard ginseng as a panacea for illness, though it was usually used in a preventive rather than a curative manner.
In China, ginseng is mainly produced in Hu Bei,Hu Nan,Hebei,Heilongjiang,Jilin,Liaoning and other provinces.Wild ginseng is called mountain ginseng,while cultivated ginseng is known as garden ginseng.
In general, 6-7 years after its cultivation, the herb is dug out in mid-September. Fresh ginseng should be cleaned and dried. Raw ginseng dried in the sun is called sun-dried raw ginseng; ginseng steamed and dried in the sun of roasted is called red ginseng; and ginseng boiled, soaked in syrup and dried is known as sugar-processed ginseng or white ginseng.
- 1.What is the differenciation between Panax ginseng and Ginsengs,How to use Panax Ginseng,Chemistry and Pharmacology,Substitutes?
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