Modern findings:Lemongrass Actions and Applications


Modern findings:Lemongrass Actions and Applications

Lemon grass Cymbopogon Schoenanthus Lemongrass stalk Cymbopogon citrates Citronella  Several pharmacological activities have been reported for essential oil of lemon grass.

 Induce sleep and anti-depression: Lemongrass is drunk before bed to induce sleep. The infusion is also used to loosen and lessen mucous, to treat fevers, cramps, and stress. The essential oil is used as a food flavoring and an ingredient in cosmetics and perfumes. The oil has antibacterial properties.

 Ascaricidal and Antiascariasis activity: The essential oil extracted from fresh leaves of lemon grass has been found to have strong ascaricidal activity in an experiment with cattle ticks. For such ascaricidal activity, the essential oil of lemon grass is used with ethanol either at a 1:2 or a 1:4 ratio. A whole plant extract of lemon grass has shown antiascariasis activity against earthworms.

 Anti-amoebic activity: Lemon grass essential oil has been shown to possess anti-amoebic activity as tested against Entamoeba histolyteca. This anti-amoebic activity has been found in a 95% ethanolic extract of the plant.

 Anti-microbial activity: Chromatographic fractions of the essential oil from lemon grass have shown antibacterial activity against several pathogenic bacteria like Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella paratyphi, Shigella flexneri, Bacillus mycoides, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Bacillus subtilis. Apart from its antibacterial activity, the essential oil and its components extracted from lemon grass have shown anti-fungal properties and fungi-toxicity.

 Other activities: Beside these properties described above, extracts and the essential oil of lemon grass have also shown antioxidant activity and anti-cancer activity in cases of experimental hepatocarcinogenesis in animals. Cymbopogon citrates extract reported to have faecal glucuronidase inhibiting activity. The 80% ethanol extract has shown anti-mutagenic activity towards chemical induced mutations in Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 98 and TA 100. Oral administration of an infusion of lemon grass has shown a dose dependent analgesic effect against hyperalgesia induced by carrageenin or prostaglandin E2. Extracts of lemon grass have been shown to retard the growth of transplanted fibrosarcoma cells in mice in association with lung metastasis. It has also been observed that lemon grass extract can inhibit rat colon carcinogenesis initiated with azoxymethane, induced DNA adducts, and aberrant crypt foci in rat colon.

 Actions and Indications:

 Analgesic, antidepressant, antimicrobial, anti-oxidant, antipyretic, antiseptic, astringent, bactericidal, carminative, deodorant, febrifuge, fungicidal, galactagogue, insecticidal, nervine, sedative (nervous), tonic.

 Extensively used as a fragrance component in soaps, detergents, cosmetics and perfumes. Employed as a flavour ingredient in most major food categories including alcoholic and soft drinks. Also used for the isolation of citral and for the adulteration of more costly oils such as verbena or melissa.

 Lemongrass is native to Malaysia, and is an important ingredient in Southeast Asian cooking. It is a tender perennial with a mild lemony fragrance and a lemon-citrus type taste. The stalks are too tough to eat, but they can be chopped and pounded to add flavor to fish or poultry sauces, and stir fry.It has long, thin, sharp grass-like gray-green leaves, and a scallion-like base. It grows to up to 6 feet under ideal conditions in the tropics, and to about 3 feet in more northerly climates, so use it as a mid to back of the border plant. It makes a nice contrasting backdrop for most any shorter annual or perennial flower or herb.

 Lemongrass is not frost-hardy, so in the colder climates it should be dug and potted to be grown indoors for the winter. Use it in chicken and seafood dishes, curries, casseroles, soups, and stews. Ground stalks can be added directly to dishes. It can be frozen, dried, or used fresh.

 Lemongrass has insect repellant properties and is an ingredient in citronella. See medicinal uses for more information.


  • 1.Lemongrass,also known as Capim-cidrao,Fever Tea,Melissa Grass,and Sereh,is native to tropical Southeast Asia.

♥The article and literature were edited by Herbalist of MDidea Extracts Professional.It runs a range of descriptions about the titled herb and related phytochemicals, including comprehensive information related, summarized updating discoveries from findings of herbalists and clinical scientists from this field.The electronic data information published at our official website and, we tried to update it to latest and exact as possible.
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  • Name:Lemon grass Extract
  • Serie No:P084
  • Specifications:10:1.20:1.TLC
  • EINECS/ELINCS No.:289-754-1
  • CAS:89998-16-3
  • Chem/IUPAC Name:Cymbopogon Schoenanthus Extract is an extract of the lemongrass, from Cymbopogon schoenanthus, Gramineae

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Lemon grass Extract INCI Name Cymbopogon Schoenanthus Extract CAS 89998-16-3 EINECS ELINCS No 289-754-1 Lemongrass stalk extract Lemongrass Extract Cymbopogon citrates Citronella extract Squinant extract photo picture image

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