Lemongrass,also known as Capim-cidrao,Fever Tea,Melissa Grass,and Sereh,is native to tropical Southeast Asia.
- Basic Botanical Info of Lemongrass.
- Introduction and Plant Description:Cymbopogon Schoenanthus.
- How to grow lemongrass.
- Lemongrass Main constituents and Phytochemicals.
- Lemon grass and its Origin:Cymbopogon Schoenanthus.
- How to Use Lemongrass.
- Pharmacology and Activities:Lemongrass Actions and Indications.
- Herbal remedies using Lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus).
- Medicinal Uses of Lemongrass.
- Lemon Grass Preparations and Use Guide.
- Administration and Suggestions:Lemongrass.
- Using Lemongrass Essential oil.
- Research Update:lemongrass.
Lemon grass and its Origin:Cymbopogon Schoenanthus.:
Lemongrass, a perennial herb widely cultivated in the tropics and subtropics, designates two different species, East Indian, Cymbopogon flexuosus (DC.) Stapf., and West Indian, Cymbopogon citratus (DC. ex Nees) Stapf. East Indian lemongrass, also known as cochin or Malabar grass is native to India, while West Indian lemongrass is native to southern India and Ceylon. The lemongrasses are cultivated commercially in Guatemala, India, the People's Republic of China, Paraguay, England, Sri Lanka, and other parts of Indochina, Africa, Central America, and South America. The plant grows in dense clumps up to 2 meters in diameter and has leaves up to 1 meter long.
The genus has about 55 species, most of which are native to South Asia, Southeast Asia and Australia. The so-called East-Indian lemon grass (Cymbopogon flexuosus [Nees ex Steudel] J.F. Watson) is native to India, Sri Lanka, Burma and Thailand; for the related West-Indian lemon grass (C. citratus [DC] Stapf), a Malesian origin is generally assumed. You might note that the epitheta "East" and "West" are here applied quite randomly. Both species are today cultivated throughout tropical Asia.
Although the two species can almost be used interchangeably, C. citratus is more relevant for cooking. In India, it is cultivated as a medical herb and for perfumes, but not used as a spice; in the rest of tropical Asia (Sri Lanka and even more South East Asia), it is an important culinary herb and spice.
The reported life zone for lemongrass is 18 to 29 degrees centigrade with an annual precipitation of 0.7 to 4.1 meters with a soil pH of 5.0 to 5.8 (East Indian) or 4.3 to 8.4 (West Indian). The plants need a warm, humid climate in full sun. They grow well in sandy soils with adequate drainage. Since the plants rarely flower or set seed, propagation is by root or plant division. The plants are harvested mechanically or by hand about four times each year with the productive populations lasting between four and eight years. Extensive breeding programs have developed many varieties of lemongrass.
The quality of lemongrass oil is generally determined by the content of citral, the aldehyde responsible for the lemon odor. Some other constituents of the essential oils are -terpineol, myrcene, citronellol, methyl heptenone, dipentene, geraniol, limonene, nerol, and farnesol. West Indian oil differs from East Indian oil in that it is less soluble in 70 percent alcohol and has a slightly lower citral content.
Lemongrass is used in herbal teas and other nonalcoholic beverages in baked goods, and in confections. Oil from lemongrass is widely used as a fragrance in perfumes and cosmetics, such as soaps and creams. Citral, extracted from the oil, is used in flavoring soft drinks in scenting soaps and detergents, as a fragrance in perfumes and cosmetics, and as a mask for disagreeable odors in several industrial products. Citral is also used in the synthesis of ionones used in perfumes and cosmetics.
As a medicinal plant, lemongrass has been considered a carminative and insect repellent. West Indian lemongrass is reported to have antimicrobial activity. Oil of West Indian lemongrass acts as a central nervous system depressant. Oil of East Indian lemongrass has antifungal activity. The volatile oils may also have some pesticide and mutagenic activities.
Cymbopogon nardus is a source of citronella oil. Cymbopogon martinii is reportedly toxic to fungi.
Lemongrass is generally recognized as safe for human consumption as a plant extract/essential oil (21 CFR section 182.20 ).
Lemongrass is one of the most versatile of herbs. It makes a delicious herbal tea, is often used in cooking, as an effective pest repellent and an almost impenetrable weed barrier. Tie the outer leaves in a loop and cook with food to impart flavour. Be sure to remove before serving. Incredibly fast to become established and drought tolerant.
- 1.Lemongrass,also known as Capim-cidrao,Fever Tea,Melissa Grass,and Sereh,is native to tropical Southeast Asia.
♥The article and literature were edited by Herbalist of MDidea Extracts Professional.It runs a range of descriptions about the titled herb and related phytochemicals, including comprehensive information related, summarized updating discoveries from findings of herbalists and clinical scientists from this field.The electronic data information published at our official website https://www.mdidea.com and https://www.mdidea.net, we tried to update it to latest and exact as possible.
♣ last edit date: